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Overview of Ca Mau Province - Part 2

VIETRADoverview_of_ca_mau_3E - Sea resource

Ca Mau is one of the country’s 28 coastal provinces and is the one that has sea-border on three sides. There are 6 out of 9 districts and cities (excluding Ca Mau City, Thoi Binh District, Cai Nuoc District) and 23 out of 101 communes, wards and towns bordered by the sea. 59.8% of the province’s population is living in coastal districts, 25% the province’s population is living in coastal communes and towns. The sea has been creating development conditions for the province such as aquatic product exploitation, tourism, mechanical industry and aquatic product processing, maritime transport. Many socio-economic activities of the province have had close relationship with the maritime resources exploitation and protection.


Ca Mau Province has a 254-kilometre long coastline (excluding the borderline of three island clusters), making up 34.46% of the whole Southwestern waters and 7.8% of the whole country’s. Ca Mau waters is a shallow and extended area with a more stable hydro-meteorological conditions than other waters, which are favorable for the marine economic activities. Along the coastline there are many estuaries (including Huong Mai, Khanh Hoi, Da Bac, Song Doc, Cai Doi Vam, Bay Hap, Ong Trang, Rach Tau, Bo De, Rach Goc, Ho Gui, Ganh Hao, etc.) that have formed several coastal economic clusters and fishing villages with a dense population.


In Ca Mau sea region there are three inshore island clusters: Hon Khoai Island Cluster (577 ha, highest peak of 318m), Hon Chuoi (14.5 ha, highest peak of 165m), and Hon Da Bac (6.3 ha, highest peak of 24m). Hon Khoai Island Cluster has a tourist and marine economic service potentiality, and takes an important position in national defense because it lies in the middle of the East Sea and the Gulf of Thailand and blocks the entrance to this gulf.


In this island cluster, there is Da Le Island (8022’8’’N and 104052’4’’E) which is one of the standard points to define the basic line of our country (Point A2).


- Ecosystem diversification: The Southwestern waters in general and Ca Mau waters in particular have rich and diversified resources and ecosystem. The marine and inshore ecosystems have high value in climate regulating, and have high biological productivities such as mangrove forest, coastal alluvial grounds, estuary areas, etc. that are home to many sea creatures. Ca Mau coastal waters have rich preservative potentiality such as alluvial grounds, special-use forest, Ca Mau Cape National Park. This park (41,861 ha wide, in districts of Ngoc Hien and Nam Can) is a natural mangrove forest ecosystem with high value in bio-diversification, natural landscape and environment.


This is also one of the important locations belonging to the national program on bio-diversification preservation of Vietnam. Ca Mau Cape National Park has a high value in preserving precious and rare gene resources (22 kinds of salt-marsh plant, 13 kinds of animal, 74 kinds of bird, 17 kinds of reptile, and 133 kinds of plankton).


- Source of income from sea products: Ca Mau waters is one of the four main fishing grounds of the country with large reserves of sea products and species diversity. there are many species with high economic value such as sea crayfish, cuttle-fish, mackerel, grouper, butterfish, etc. Ca Mau is also the province having the largest area for breeding brackish and salt aquatic products; the coastal and island intertidal areas also have great potentiality in breeding sea products. Ca Mau waters can give employment to thousands of laborers, which are the basis for developing the shipbuilding and ship repairing, food processing for exportation, and services for sea product exploiting, etc.


Tourist resource

- Eco-tourism: With vast area of mangrove and indigo forests, together with cam Cape Biosphere Reserve, two national parks (Ca Mau Cape and Lower U Minh), and natural bird parks, Ca Mau has great potentiality to develop eco-tourism. Recently, mangrove forest tourism in Ca Mau has been invested in line of national tourist special project. Thanks to that, Ca Mau’s eco-tourist products do not coincide with those of other provinces’ in Mekong River Delta (primarily hick-town eco-tourism).


-Sea tourism: Possessing a 254-kilometre coastline with several coastal sand beaches (Gia Long Den, Khai Long), alluvial islets, coastal island clusters of Hon Khoai, Hon Chuoi, Hon Da Baïc, etc., Ca Mau has great potentiality in island tourism.


- Human historical tourism: Ca Mau has several historical monuments such as Hong Anh Thu Quan (literary coterie), Tan Hung Communal House, Lung La Nha The Base, Xeo Duoc Base, Hai Yen-Binh Hung American-Puppet Regime War Crime Exhibits Displaying Hall. These are tourist-cultural works that are being invested and embellished.


Amateur folk singing and playing musical instruments, folklore, Nghinh Ong Festival (Your Highness Whale Welcoming Festival), float markets, etc., are advantages that can be exploited in tourist activities.


However, the province’s tourist resources are just chiefly in the form of potentiality. In order to exploit effectively these potentialities soon, they have to develop the infrastructure, especially road traffic, and tourist companies need to have new ideas of tourist products and tourist models.




The power grid, especially rural power grid, has rapidly developed: In the period of 2001-2007, they have developed 650 kilometres of medium voltage power grid, in which there is the 110 kV line of Vi Thanh-Ca Mau and Ca Mau-Cai Nuoc (179-kilometre long); the medium voltage power grid has created several loops at Ca Mau City’s center and in neighboring districts. The total capacity of the stations on conduction grid is 483 MVA (including Ca Mau 220 kV Station, Cai Nuoc 110 kV Station, and An Xuyen 110 kV Station). The output capacity of the 110–220 kV power source stations are large enough to meet the present and several-coming-year requirement of the province making sure the regular power supply and stable voltage.


Of distribution power grid, there have been 3,400 kilometres of low voltage line building, increasing the total length of distribution power grid by 2007 to 4,973 kilometres, and the total capacity of the low voltage stations to 138,740 kVA. The rate of power loss decreased to 12%. The rate of household using electricity by the end of 2009 reached 91.5%.



Recently, there are two highways managed by the central authority (Highway 1A and Highway 63) with the total length running through the province of 108 kilometres. Highway 63 was upgraded in 2005; Highway 1A is being invested to Nam Can (stage 1). Besides, the southern coastal corridor road connecting Kien Giang Province to Ca Mau is being invested. The province is now managing 22 road traffic lines connecting the province’s center to districts’ and several economic clusters’ centers with the total length of 525 kilometres (over 230 kilometres of the road leading to districts’ centers have been upgraded reaching the level V lowland road standard).


There are 11 lines of river traffic managed by the central authority with the total length of 251 kilometres reaching the level III river traffic standard and 13 lines managed by the province with the total length of 358 kilometres reaching the level IV river traffic standard. Besides, there are millions of kilometres of waterway in combination with irrigation canals.


Ca Mau International Airport has been upgraded and put into use. It is now opening the Ca Mau – Ho Chi Minh City route using ATR72 aircraft (one flight a day).


Station–berth system: There are now two coach stations, two wharfs, and one loading and discharging berth in Ca Mau City with the using area of 35,000 square metres.


There is a wharf at every district center; some districts have a coach station. The wharf–port system serving transportation, industrial production and fishery logistics such as Nam Can Wharf, Ca Mau Fishing Port, Song Doc Fishing Port, and the port of Ca Mau Gas-Power-Fertilizer Complex (at Cai Tau Rivulet Mouth) is being built.


Post and Telecommunications

Ca Mau has large capacity digital microwave switchboard and digital switchboards in districts making sure unchoked national and international communications. The average number of telephone set is 4.5/100 people.

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