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Dong Nai, potentialities of investment opportunities and development (Part 1)

VIETRADE - Dong Nai is the Southeastern province which borders Binh Thuan Province to the east, Lam Dong Province to the northeast, Ho Chi Minh City to the west, Binh Duong and Binh Phuoc Provinces to the northwest, and Ba Ria-Vung Tau Province to the south. The total area of the province is 5,903,940 sq. km, accounting for 1.76% of the country's natural area and 25.5% of the Southeastern natural area.

The province has 11 administrative units, including: Bien Hoa City–the political, cultural and economic center of the province; Long Khanh Town and 9 districts: Long Thanh, Nhon Trach, Trang Bom, Thong Nhat, Cam My, Vinh Cuu, Xuan Loc, Dinh Quan, Tan Phu.


Dong Nai Province’s transport network is very convenient with many arteries passing through such as highways 1A, 20, 51; North–South railway. It is near Sai Gon Port, Tan Son Nhat International Airport, which facilitate the regional economic development as well as trades with the whole country and plays an important role in linking the Southeastern Region with the Western Highlands.


Topography: The terrain of Dong Nai Province is plain with scattered mountain ranges, which tend to lower from the north to south. It is possible to distinguish the main types of terrain as follows:


a) Plain topography includes two types:

-The flood-plain benches 5 to 10m high or some locations only 2 to 5m high along the rivers forming narrow strips with the width ranging from tens of meters to several kilometers. The soil in this terrain is mostly modern Alluvia.

-Hollow terrain on marine marshy sediments: the height ranging from 0.3 to 2 m, some locations’ height is below seawater level, regularly flooded by tide, having interlacing river network and is covered with mangroves. Heterogeneous materials, much clay and deposited organic substance.


b) Wavy mountainous shape:

The height varies from 20 to 200 meters, including basalt hills and mountains; topography surface is very flat, sloping, and the gradi-ent from 30 to 80. This terrain occupies very large area compared to other terrains which covers most of the basalt, ancient alluvium. The soil in this terrain includes red, yellow soil and gray soil.


c) Low mountain terrain: including scattered mountains and is the last part of the Truong Son  ountain Range with the elevation ranging from 200-800m. The terrain is mainly distributed in the north of the province along the boundary between Tan Phu District and Lam Dong Province and some scattered mountains in Dinh Quan, Xuan Loc Districts. All these mountains are from 20-300 meters high, having open-air basement rocks with mainly granite and shale. Generally, the terrain in Dong Nai Province is relatively flat. 82.09% of the terrain has the gradient of under 8o, 92% under15o, and about 8% over 15o.




Soil: Dong Nai Province has a varied and fertile land funds. However, based on land origin and quality, soils may be divided into the following 3 general groups.


* Soils formed on a basalt base, such as porous soils, black soils and invery fertile red soils, accounting for 39.1% of the province’s natural area (229.416ha) distributed in the northern and northeastern part of the province. These soils are appropriate for short and long-term industrial trees: rubber trees, coffee, pepper,…


* Soils formed on a base of ancient alluvia and schist’s of clayey rocks: grey soils, brown gray soils and party-coloured soils, accounting for 41.9% of natural area (246.380 ha), distributed in the southern, and southeastern parts of the province (Vinh Cuu, Thong Nhat, Long Thanh and Nhon Trach Districts, and Bien Hoa City). These soils are not very fertile, appropriate for short-term trees: beans, a number of fruit trees and perennial industrial trees, such as cashew,…


* Other soils formed on a base of new alluvia, such as alluvia soils, sandy soil, distributed mainly along Dong Nai and La Nga Rivers. The quality of soil is good and suitable with grain crops, vegetables, fruits, etc.


The total area of the province is 590,723 ha, including: agricultural land: 277,641 ha; forestry land: 181,578 ha; land for special use: 49,717 ha; residential land: 16,763 ha; unused land: 897 ha; land of rivers and streams and specialized water surfaces: 52,715 ha. The exploitation of the province's land over the past years has had changes, however, up to now, the scale of agricultural land area of Dong Nai Province seems the largest in Southeastern Region.


Climate: Dong Nai is located in the subequatorial tropical monsoon region, the climate is temperate and little influenced by natural disasters; soil (mostly basaltic soils) is fertile, there are two contrasting seasons (dry and rainy seasons). The all-year-round high temperature is suitable for tropical crop development, particularly industrial plants with high export value. The average temperature in 2012 is 26.60C. The average number of sunny hours in 2012 is 2,419. The average humidity is 81% in 2012. Rainfall is relatively large according to each region and season, about 2,507.8 mm. So, Dong Nai Province has soon formed the areas specializing in short-term and longterm industrial trees, famous fruit trees,… Having many beautiful natural landscapes, the province has created favorable conditions for developing tourism industry.


Population: The population of the province as of 2011 is 2,665,100 people. Of which:

+ Population by urban and rural areas is 897,600 and 1,767,500 people, respectively.

+ Population by gender: male: 1.311.200;female: 1.353.900,

+ Natural population increase rate in 2011 is 12%. (to be continued)

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