Trang tiếng Việt
Rice export of Vietnam: successful achivements in the first 6 months of 2016

VIETRADE - Among agricultural products, rice is profoundly indispensable to the daily lives of the 94 million Vietnamese who would all agree that they couldn’t live without it. Rice is playing the most important role in Vietnam’s food security and rural economy, generating jobs for a flabbergasting 60% of the country’s workers, and is a source of export revenue. The agricultural and rural census in 2011 of the General Statistics Office of Vietnam shows that there were 9.27 million households performing rice cultivation, translating to 77.6% of the total households with farmland.  

 

Vietnam’s Area, Yield and Production of Rice (as of August 2016)

Marketing Year

2014/2015

Revised

2015/2016

Estimate

2016/2017

Forecast

Harvested Area (tha)

 

Winter1

1,780

1,700

1,700

Spring2

3,112

3,034

3,050

Autumn3

2,931

2,940

2,940

TOTAL

7,823

7,674

7,690

Yield (mt/ha)

Winter

4.80

4.85

4.90

Spring

6.65

6.40

6.45

Autumn

5.40

5.53

5.60

AVERAGE

5.76

5.72

5.78

Production (tmt)

Winter

8,544

8,245

8,330

Spring

20,695

19,430

19,672

Autumn

15,827

16,258

16,464

TOTAL

45,066

43,933

44,466

         

1 Lua Mua (10th Month), 2 Winter-Spring, 3 Summer-Autumn

Source: Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD), USDA estimates


Vietnam’s rice-processing technology is advanced. There is the producing of superior-quality rice such as rice categorized 2% and 5% broken. Application of color-separation technology is also occurring in rice-processing plants in order to raise rice-processing capacity in accordance with the quality specified in orders. Some rice processors have established food quality control systems meeting the demanding HACCP standard.

 

Vietnam reputation is one of having earned renown as one of the world’s most important rice producers and exporters. Surprisingly, before 1986, the country had to import rice, because rice production could not meet domestic demand. These necessary rice imports were high - exceeding 1 million tons during the late 1960s and in 1976.

 

Thanks to the well-conceived Doi Moi (new model) policy launched in 1986 - that started the country’s integration into the world economy and also imposing policies encouraging agricultural development - rice production in Vietnam increased rapidly. Beginning in 1987, the country started to export rice and transformed itself from a net rice importer to a net rice exporter in 1989. Vietnam now is proud of being the second largest rice exporter in the world, following only India.

 

Vietnamese Rice Export Revenue 2010–2016 (in billion US$)

 Rice_export_of_Vietnam_in_the_first_6_months_of_2016_1

Source: General Department of Vietnam Customs


The Vietnam Food Association (VFA) carries out the responsibility for rice export registration requirements and the Minimum Export Price (MEP); these are based on government regulations, especially Ordinance 109/2010/ND-CP regulating the flow and prices of rice exports.

 

For Vietnam’s Marketing Year 2015/2016 rice exports are, according to estimations, to be at a revised level of 5.7 million tons compared to 6.6 million tons of Marketing Year 2014/2015. Exports are now down because of competition from other Asian rice exporting countries.

 

Expectations are that exports for Marketing Year 2016/17 will diminish to 6.5 million tons; the reason is a downward revision in exportable supplies. However, this still represents a year-on-year increase, given a relatively larger forecast crop.

 

Vietnam’s rice exports by country for the first half of 2016

 Rice_export_of_Vietnam_in_the_first_6_months_of_2016_2

Source: General Department of Vietnam Customs


Establishing brand identity is important. Responsive to this, the Prime Minister has approved a project on Vietnamese rice branding by 2020 with vision to 2030. The project will: improve image-recognition of Vietnamese rice; and raise producer, importer, distributor and consumer awareness domestically and internationally of Vietnamese rice products, establishing a foundation to expand market share and enhance added value and competitiveness in the world market.

 

The project sets a goal that by 2020, the image of Vietnamese rice will be recognizable domestically and internationally in at least 20 countries. The national rice brand will be certified and protected at home and in at least 50 other countries. Twenty percent of the nation's rice will be exported under Vietnamese brands by 2020.



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