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Vinh Phuc Province - Natural Features and Development Resources PDF Print
Thursday, 15 December 2011 08:27

Vinh_Phuc_Province_-_Natural_Features_and_Development_Resources_1VIETRADE - NATURAL FEATURES:

 - Geographical location: Vinh Phuc is Hanoi’s north west gate, sitting in the Red River Delta within the compass of the Northern Key Economic Region. It touches Tuyen Quang Province to the northwest, Thai Nguyen Province to the northeast, the capital Hanoi to the eastand south, Phu Tho Province to the west.


- Natural land space: 1,231.77km2 (Vinh Phuc Statistics2007)


- Climate: Tropical monsoon with 4 distinct seasons. Annual average temperature: 240C (Tam Dao locality set apart has an average of 190 C), average annual luminosity 1,300 hours. Average annual precipitation: 1,400mm, average air humidity: 83%


- Topography: There are 3 distinct ecological regions, the plain, midland, mountain, altogether suitable for the development of agro-forestry-fishery, industries, tourism and services. One of Vinh Phuc’s advantages against provinces neighboring Hanoi is availability of fairly large hilly terrain in the midland, of good physical mechanical properties, well suited to industrial construction and development.  


- Administrative units: There are 9 administrative units: Vinh Yen City, the economic,  olitical, cultural center, Phuc Yen Town, and 7 rural districts namely Me Linh, Binh Xuyen, Yen Lac, Vinh Tuong, Tam Duong, Tam Dao, Lap Thach. 



Population: 1,005,981 (2007 Vinh Phuc Annual Statistics)

Population density: 725/km2 (2007 Vinh Phuc Annual Statistics)

Natural resources:

Land resources: It may be said that land is the biggest asset of the province showing variety. Except Tam Dao mountain, most land types are semi-mountainous, mid-land low-lying hills and the plain.


The hill and mound midland stretching from Lap Thach to Vinh Yen, is a wide expanse from the foot of Tam Dao Mountain to proximity of national road 2. This consists of raised ancient alluvial soil with a thick layer of sandy clay sprinkled with pebbles and gravel, very well suited to planting fruit trees, perennial industrial crops, grain, field crops.


The delta plains extend from the hilly-mound region to the valleys of the Red River and Lo River. They are new alluvial soil, deposited in the quaternary period, rich in minerals and microelements, hence highly fertile. With addition of water supply and temperate weather, this region is very propitious to intensive culture of paddy rice.


Mineral resources:

Fuel minerals: coal, lignite found in Dao Tru, Bach Lu, Dong Thinh Villages (Lap Thach rural district) at thermal energy generation of 7,000 – 10,000 calories.


Here local lignite compares well with that of Na Duong. There is also a large reserve of peat mostly in Van Quan (Lap Thach), Hoang Dan, Hoang Lan (Tam Duong).




Metallic minerals are found in places along the faults of the south - western side of Tam Dao Mountain chain. Barit in boulder form can be found at Dao Tri, Lap Thach District. It’s often associated with lead and zinc. Copper is found Suoi Son, Dong Gieng deposits, in Dao Tru, Dong Bua, Tam Quan, Hop Chau Villages (Tam Duong District), Ban Long, Minh Quang Villages (Binh Xuyen District). Copper is often associated with pyrite, pyrotin. Gold may be found mostly along the faults of the south western side of Tam Dao chain since there are quartz veins of the same age formation with gold minerals. Gold placers have been found in dispersed fringes in Dao Tru, Minh Quang, Thanh Lanh, Thanh Loc. In ancient times, Chinese had dug tunnels 300m long following quartz veins containing 8gr gold per m3.


Tin exists in placer at Gieng Hamlet, Dao Tru Village, Den Ca Creek, Dai Ninh, Thanh Lanh Villages. Reserve is not very high but tin is essential to makebrass alloy.


Iron: fairly abundant, mostly found in 2 strips: Ban Giai (Lap Thach District) strips located in magnetic iron ore hills. Magnetic ore is used to make magnetic iron. Khai Quang strip in Vinh Yen nuns dozens of kilometres long but with partial interruption from Dao Tu, Thanh Van in Tam Duong via Dinh Trung to Khai Quang. The strip mainly contains hematite and magnetic iron at 40 –50%.


Non-metal minerals: mainly kaolin, found in Tam Duong, Vinh Yen, Lap Thach. The highest reserve and best quality of kaolin locates at Dinh Trung (Vinh Yen). The mining strip though extensive but discontinued holds some 7 million ton reserve. Dinh Trung kaolin consists of 2 types: weathered granite origin, vein stone containing fully weathered pecmatit, sierit from feldspar provenance Dinh Trung kaolin can be used for ceramic and heat resistant bricks. Beside kaolin, Vinh Phuc also avails mica in Lap Thach, Vinh Yen, Keramzit in Lap Thach.


Minerals for construction material making, clay for tile and brick fabrication material: clay for tile and brick fabrication, quarry stone, pebble, gravel, sand. Large clay mines are found in Dam Vat, Quat Lu, Ba Hien. Clay in the plain originating from fluvial deposit, the sea, swamp and lake, of good smoothness, and malleability, is good for ceramic ware making.


Tourism resources:

There are nearly 1,000 cultural-historical heritage sites, of which hundreds have been lassified as national and provincial endowments. To cite there are Hai Ba Trung Temple, Tay Thien Scenery, general Tran Nguyen Han Temple, Ha Tien Pagoda, Huong Canh communal houses, Go Dau ruins, Tay Thien Truc Lam meditation center. Noteworthy festivities are Hai Ba Trung temple celebration, Tay Thien feast, Hai Luu bull fight celebration, Huong Canh rattan tug of war, fish catching tournament etc…


Tam Dao Mountain chain spreads in the northeast south east direction over 50km long riding across 3 provinces, Vinh Phuc, Thai Nguyen, Tuyen Quang and showing 3 peaks named Thien Thi, Thach Lam, Phu Nghia. National Tam Dao Parks is endowed with rich fauna and flora, luxuriant forests where thrive 490 higher plant divisions consisting of 334 branches and 130 families, of which several rare species of high economic value may serve in scientific research as well as in development of ecological-health restoration tourism.


Vinh Phuc Province avails a network of ponds, rivers and streams extremely diverse and rich, blended with natural scenery well worth development fortourist purposes such as Dai Lai Lake (Phuc Yen Town) 500ha large, Thanh Lanh Lake - Ba Ao rapids(Binh Xuyen District) nearly 300ha large, Bo Lac,  Van Truc lakes (Lap Thach District) more than 600ha large; Vac swamp (Vinh Yen) … These places are ideal sites to attract investors to build entertainment-amusement facilities. Dung swamp (Vinh Tuong) with nearly 100ha expanse, Ha Xuong, Lang Ha lakes, Ban Long - Thac Bac rapids (Tam Dao) are Vinh Phuc’s precious nature endowments.

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