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Overview of Can Tho City Print
Friday, 10 February 2012 14:11

overview_of_can_tho_city_2VIETRADE - Can Tho, a city directly under the Central authorities, lies in the heart of the Mekong River Delta. Being dubbed as “the capital city of the Southwestern Vietnam” more than one hundred years ago, Can Tho has now become the level-1 city and one of the four provinces and cities of the Mekong River Delta Key Economic Zone–the fourth key economic zone of Vietnam. Can Tho not only has advantages on agriculture and aquatic products, but also on geographical position that helps develop such fields as urban infrastructure, traffic infrastructure, hi-tech agriculture, agricultural–aquatic products and seafood processing industry, tourism and supportive industries.



Geographical position: Can Tho City lies at the heart of the Mekong River Delta, about 170 km from Hochiminh City to the northeast (on Highway 1A), about 60-120 km away from big urban areas in the Mekong River Delta. It poses an important traffic hub of waterway, road, seaway, airway, and the future expressway and railway that helps comfort the national and international trade. Can Tho City shares border with Dong Thap and Vinh Long Provinces to
the east, Kien Giang Province to the west, Ha Giang Province to the south and An Giang Province to the north.

Area: 1,389.60 sq. km


Climate: Can Tho belongs to the tropics with two distinct seasons: the rainy season is from May to November, and the dry one is from December to April. The annual aver-age temperature is 270C; the annual average rainfall is 1,635 mm; the annual average humidity is 83%.


Topography: Can Tho City lies in the half-flooded plains that are gradually sloping from northeast to southwest, including three kinds of terrain: natural dikes alongside Ha River (forming the strip of high land and islands along-side Ha River); half-flooded plains (belonging to the Long Xuyen Tetragon that is directly influenced by the flood every year); delta plains (mainly influenced by the tide and some interactive influences from the crop-end floods).


Administrative organization: Can Tho City has 9 administrative units including 5 urban districts of Ninh Kieu, Binh Thuy, Cai Rang, O Mon, Thot Not and four suburban districts of Phong Dien, Co Do, Thoi Lai, Vinh Thanh with 5 towns, 44 wards and 36 communes (statistical data from the time of issuing the Decree 12/ND-CP).


Population: 1.2 million people (by 2010)

Population density: 856 people/sq. km (by 2010)



Land resource

There are two main groups of land in Can Tho City: alluvial soil and alkaline soil.


- Alluvial soil: making up 84% of the natural area, distributed alongside Ha River and 8-12km away from the banks with 5 kinds: riverside fluvisols (making up 1,9%), gleyic cambic fluvisols (about 58%), cambic fluvisols (about 15,3%), speckled fluvisols (about 4,9%), gley fluvisols (about 4,1%). This rare soil needs to be irrigated and given priority to in planting rice in two to three crops and only a small part of it is used to plant fruit-trees.


- Alkaline soil: second to alluvial soil in area, making up about 16% of the natural soil, including: hollow active alkaline soil (making up about 2,5%), deep active alkaline soil (about 7,0%) and extra deep active alkaline soil (about 6,4%).


Water resource

- Surface water: Rather abundant, lying in the intersection area of the water resource and the tide. The water flow in the high flood period is about 12,800 cubic metres per second. There are also other important canal systems bringing water from Ha River to the West Sea and Ca Mau Peninsula (canals of Cai San, Thot Not, O Mon Thò Doi, Rach Soi - Vam Cong, Xa No); canals in parallel with Ha River (axis of Bon Tong - Mot Ngan) and naturally tide-influenced rivers (Cai Rang River and small tide-influenced canals from Tra Noc to Cai Cui). Those irrigational and hydroelectric works built over the past time have just made the seasonal water flow changed, and not the overall water flow in general.


- Underground water: widely distributed. Fresh water is mainly distributed at the water layers of Pleistocene, Pliocene and Miocene Epoches at the depth of 100-300 metres. Some places the water occurs at the depth of only 20-50 metres with rather high quality.

overview_of_can_tho_city Mineral resource

There are not much minerals in Can Tho City, most of them are construction materials, such as clay for making tiles, plastic clay, sand for ground-leveling, peat, etc. scattered at urban and suburban districts. The exploiting potentiality of these minerals is not high and suitable for exploiting at medium and small scale.


- Peat: at the depth of 0.5-1m, about 30,000-50,000 tons in reserves, concentrating at  districts of O Mon and Thot Not and has not been exploited yet.


- Clay: There are three clay pits with the estimated reserves of 16.8 million cubic metres. This clay here is used to make tiles, mostly grayish yellow clay having the thickness of 1-2m, and scattered everywhere. The clay at O Mon and Can Tho Rivers is light yellow or speckled grayish blue having the thickness of about 2m and is millions of tons in reserves.


- Sand for ground-leveling: concentrating at Ha River and from Thot Not District to Phung Hiep District with the estimated reserves of 30 million cubic metres.


Tourist resource

- Eco-tourism: Possessing a system of interlacing rivers and canals, fruit gardens, busy and lively floating markets (Cai Rang, Phong Dien, etc.) which are representatives of the fresh alluvial ecological area-the typical ecological area of the Mekong River Delta-Can Tho City has many places having great potentialities in developing eco-tourism, such as islets of Cai Khe, Khuong, Au, Son, Tan Loc Isle, Bang Lang stork-park, Thoi Nhut flower village,…


- Human tourism: There are many historical monuments and famous cultural works in Can Tho City, such as the statue of President Ho, the City’s Museum, Military Zone No. 9 Museum, Binh Thuy Temple, Ninh Kieu Wharf, Nam Nhaõ Duong Pagoda, etc.

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