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Overview of Dak Nong Province – Part 1 Print
Thursday, 05 July 2012 17:33

2012_Jun_5_-_Pic_1VIETRADE - Dak Nong Province was formed in 2004 by separating the former Dak Lak Province into two new provinces – Dak Lak and Dak Nong.

Natural conditions and development resources

Geography: Dak Nong Province, spanning 6,500 square kilometers, is located in the southwest of the country’s Central Highlands, bordering Dak Lak Province in the north and northwest, Lam Dong Province in the east and southeast, Binh Phuoc province in the south, and Cambodia in the west with 130 kilometers of border.

Topography: Dak Nong has varying and copious topography alternating between valleys, plateaus and mountains, decreasing in elevation bit by bit from east to west and from north to south.


The valley topography includes the lowland parts along the Krong No and Serepok Rivers running through Cu Jut and Krong No districts, having fairly even and flat terrain with a mild slope of 0 – 30 suitable for food crops, short-term industrial crops and raising livestock and poultry.


Plateau topography is found mainly in Dak Glong, Gia Nghia, Dak Mil and Dak Song with the average height of about 800 meters above sea level, with slopes of 15 degrees. The basalt soil is very appropriate for de-veloping long-term industrial crops, forestry and cattle husbandry. Mountainous topography is found in Dak R’Lap, and the soil is basaltic, suitable for developing longterm industrial crops such as coffee, rubber, cashews, and pepper.

Climate: Dak Nong has a moist tropical highland climate influenced by the dry and hot southwest monsoon. There are two distinctive seasons: dry and rainy. The rainy season is April through October. Ninety percent of the total annual rainfall falls then. The dry season is from November to April. Only superficial rainfall occurs during this dry season.


The annual average temperature is 220 to 230C, with the highest in April when the temperature can hit 35 degrees. The lowest is 140C in December. There are years when the temperature abnormally varies; at that time there may be a very hot sun leading to forest fires and drought, strongly impacting agriculture and people’s lives.


Average annual rainfall is 2,300 mm, but can go as high as 3,000 mm in a year. The rainiest months are August and September; January and February the driest. Average humidity is 84%, and the vaporizing rate is 15.2 mm a day in the dry season and 1.6 mm a day in the rainy season. The prevalent wind direction in the rainy season is southwest; in the dry season it’s northeast.  Average wind speed is 3.9 m/s and storms are rare, harmless to delicate crops such as coffee, rubber, cashews and pepper.


Administration: Dak Nong is divided into 7 districts (Cu Jut, Dak Mil, Krong No, Dak Song, Dak R’Lap, Dak Glong, and Tuy Duc) and Gia Nghia town as a separate municipality.


Population: The population is 492,000. Population density is 76 per square kilometer. The number of people of working age is 307,000, making up 62% of the population.


Natural resources


Land resources: Dak Nong spans 652,000 ha, specifically:

- Farmland is 574 ha, occupying 88% of the province, of which long-term industrial crops accounts for the most, with the rest in rice, corn and short-term industrial crops. Notable is that scorched land continues to be quite large.

- The total area of specialized land is 18,000 ha, 3% of the total area of the province.

- The area occupied by silvaculture is 3,249 ha, and the percentage of land covered by forests in the province is 49 %.

- Residential land is 4,101 ha, 1% of the total.  

- There is 38,000ha of unused land, 6% of the province, of which streams and rocky mountains without trees is 667 ha, the remainder flat land (very limited), hills and mountains (36,000 ha), and water.


Water resources: Water from rain is rather abundant, meeting the needs of manufacturing and daily living needs. However, influenced by highland climate and located in the west at the end of the Truong Son mountain range, during the dry season, little rain falls and a long-lasting scorching sun leads to drought and water shortage. The latter’s impact on industrial agriculture and daily life is significant.

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