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Overview of Dak Nong Province – Part 3 Print
Friday, 27 July 2012 17:39

2012_Jun_27_-_Pic_1VIETRADE - Hydropower resource: Dak Nong has an abundant examples of hydropower potential. The Srepok River system has estimated hydropower reserves of 3 billion kWh. Many major hydropower projects can be developed in the riverhead stream system of the Dong Nai, Krong No, and Srepok rivers having output capacity of 1,500 MW such as the Dray H’Linh II (92 MW), Duc Xuyen (92 MW), Buon Tua Srah (85 MW), Dak Tih (140 MW), Dak N’tao, Dak So, Dong Nai 3, Dong Nai 4.


Moreover, the network of small streams running all over the province can be developed into small hydropower plants serving the energy needs for producing and daily activities of highland villages unable to access the electricity grid.



Transportation: Dak Nong Province’s transportation network has only land routes, no railroad and air service. In the recent years, the road system developed some with certain national and provincial routes undergoing upgrade. There are 3,400 km of roads in the province with route density of 0.5 km/ km2 and 9 km/10,000 people.


The main routes from the center of the province to the centers of districts were asphalted. Of the roads, 291 km were asphalt (8.5%), 184 km were of asphalt-concrete and cement-concrete (5.4%), and 3,000 km were aggregated and unsurfaced (86%). Details:


- National Highway 3: total length of 311 km (9%), most of which has been asphalted but there are still 91 km unsurfaced. It is composed of:

+ Highway 14: The section running through the province is 155 km long and is completely asphalted, crossing Gia Nghia Town and Cu Jut, Dak Mil, Dak Song, Dak R’Lap districts, connecting Dak Nong with other Central Highlands’ and Southern provinces.

+ Highway 14C: The part running through the province is 98 km long, crossing Dak Mil, Dak Song, Dak R’Lap and Tuy Duc District. In the past, it was a military route with most of it un-surfaced; now it is being asphalted.

+ Highway 28: The part running through the province is 58 km long, connecting Dak Nong with Lam Dong and the central provinces. It has now been almost completely upgraded and asphalted; only a few sections are still unsurfaced and a few bridges have not yet been permanently built.


2012_Jun_27_-_Pic_2- Provincial routes: consists of 6 routes with totaling 318 km, of which 192 km is un-surfaced (60%). These can be broken down into:

+ Provincial Route 1 (PR 687): Kien Duc – Tuy Duc, 36 km long.

+ Provincial Route 2 (PR 682): Duc Manh – Dak Song, 24 km long.

+ Provincial Route 3 (PR 683): Dak Mil – Krong No, 40 km long.

+ Provincial Route 4 (PR 684): Gia Nghia – Cu Jut, 111 km long.

+ Provincial Route 5 (PR 685): Kien Duc – Cai Chanh, 45 km long.

+ Provincial Route 6 (PR 686): Dak Buk So – Quang Son, 62 km long.


All the districts have main roads to the centers of communes, but only 18% have been asphalted, mainly the sections that cross towns and commune centers.


Electricity:  Dak Nong has a rather fast-developed electricity network. The National Grid serves all the districts, all the communes have electricity, and 68% of the households in the province access electricity from the grid.


Some of the hydropower plants in the province have been put into operation; examples are Dak Nong, Dak Ru, Quang Tin, Buon Tua Srah and Dray Hling. Some are under construction, for example Dong Nai 3, Dong Nai 4, Dak R’Tih, and many small and medium hydropower plants.


Water: The province has 111 irrigation projects, mainly small, none invested at the Ministry   level. Total designed capacity was for 9,235ha of coffee and other crops, but in reality only 20% of the need is met; as for the rice fields only 3,000ha is irrigated. The remaining cultivated areas were irrigated by water from small streams and wells. Because of the limited irrigation capacity of the system, expansion of wet rice cultivation is constrained, leading to unstable agricultural productivity. Much of the coffee is not irrigated. Why? Coffee-growing common farmers lack funding, meaning they have to rely on just what is naturally available –like rain.

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