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Overview of Kien Giang Province - Part 2 Print
Tuesday, 07 August 2012 14:38

VIEToverview_of_kien_giang_-_3RADE - NATURAL RESOURCES

Land resource

Land in Kieng Giang is suitable for agriculture and forestry development and aquaculture with the total area of natural land of 634,627.21ha, in which the part of agricultural land is 575,697.49ha, accounting for 90,71% of the total natural land area (as for rice cultivated land area is 354,011.93ha, accounting for 61.49% of agricultural land); the part of non-agricultural land area is 53,238.38ha, accounting for 8,39% of the total natural land area; the part of unused land is 5,691.34 ha, accounting for 0.90% of the total natural land area; the area of land covered by sea water along the coast is 13,781.11ha (this indicator is for observation purpose only, not calculated into the natural land area).

 

Water resource

The source of surface water in Kien Giang is rather plentiful; however, in the rainy season (from May to October), the greater part of its surface water is contaminated with salt water for Kien Giang is located in the intersection between the end of Hau River’s fresh water source and the head of Rach Gia Bay’s salt water source.

 

There are 03 rivers running through Kien Giang: the Cai Lon (60 km), the Cai Be (70 km) and the Giang Thanh (27.5 km); and a system of irrigational and traffic canals.

 

Marine resource

Kien Giang has a 200 kilometers long coastline and 63,290 square kilometers wide fishing ground. The Kien Giang Sea has a total of 143 islands, 105 of which are emerging ones and only 43 of which have residents. There are many river mouths, canals and channels flowing to the sea, bringing a rich natural food source that attracts aquatic species, making Kien Giang Sea one of the important fishing grounds of the whole nation. According to a survey of Vietnam Marine Research Institute, this area has a fish reserve of about 500,000 tons, 56% of which can be exploited within the inshore area having the depth from 20 to 50 meters.

 

Observing the allowed exploiting norm of 44% of the total reserve, over 200,000 tons of fish can be exploited each year. Moreover, this part of sea still has great resevers of many other special nautical products such as squid, holothurian, abalone, pearl, blood cockle,… with advantageous exploiting conditions. Furthermore, Kien Giang has been carrying out the offshore catching project in the Southeast territorial waters where the fish reserve reaches over 611,000 tons and the allowed exploiting norm is 243,660 tons (40 % of the total reserve).

 

Mineral resource

Kien Giang is considered as one of the provinces having the most plentiful mineral resource in the Mekong River Delta. Through some preliminary geological surveys, ores of 23 types of mineral have been found at 152 points which can be developed into mines. These types of mineral can be divided into such categories as fuel (peat), nonmetal (limestone, building stone, clay…), metal (iron, laterite…), semigemstone (morion, opal…), most of them belong to nonmetal category and can be used in the buiding material and cement production industry. According to a recent survey of Intergeo Vietnam, the limestone reserve in the territory of the province is of over 440 million tons.

 

According to provincial scheme, the allowed exploiting norm of limestone is of 255 million tons. This quantity is enough to ensure the continuous providing of raw material to cement plants with a total annual output of 3 million tons for about 50 years.

 

Tourism potentiality

Kien Giang has many famous landscapes and historical monuments such as Chong, Trem, Phu Tu, Mo So Mount; Mui Nai Beach, Thach Cave, Mac Cuu Tomb, Dong Ho, Hon Dat, U Minh Forest, Phu Quoc Island… In order to effectively exploit the potentiality of tourist development, four main tourist areas have been established as follows:

 

- Phu Quoc: Surrounded by 26 small and big islands, Phu Quoc Island has a unique topography with a range of mountains crossing from the north to the south, a primeval forest with diversified fauna and floral systems and many beautiful beaches such as Truong (20 km long) Cua Lap – Ba Keo, Sao, Dai, Hon Thom,… Following the Government’s guideline, Phu Quoc was built into an international high-class convalescent and tourist center. Phu Quoc, together with two archipelagos, An Thoi and Tho Chau, are ideal areas to develop such forms of sea and island tourism as sight-seeing, camping, sea-bathing, convalescence, ecotourism, aquatic sporting,… Phu Quoc also has a longstanding cultural tradition and many famous specialities such as fish sauce, pepper, pearl, myrtle wine, sardine fish, boletus… All of these help to increase the number of tourists to Phu Quoc year by year. Particularly in 2008, more than 200,000 tourists were attracted to Phu Quoc, of which over 55,000 were international tourists.

 

- Ha Tien – Kien Luong: Such sea and mountain landscapes of this area as Mui Nai, Thach Dong, Mt To Chau, Mt Da Dung, Dong Ho Lagoon, Mt Binh San Historical Relic, Hang Temple, Mt Phu Tu, Duong Beach, Mt MoSo, Mt Tram, Hai Tac Archipelagos and Ba Lua Island are very suitable to develop sight-seeing and convalescent tourism. Such landscapes as Mt To Chau, Dong Ho Lagoon, Giang Thanh River, Mt Nui Den Tourist Site have been officially exploited. Besides, Ha Tien also has an age-old tradition of history, culture, literature and arts with such traditional festivals as the Tet Nguyen Tieu Festival, the Chieu Anh Cac Literary Society Anniversary, The Death Anniversary of Mac Cuu, the Phu Dung Temple Festival and the Tutelary Gods Festival,… As for now, Kien Giang is also holding tours to Cambodia through Ha Tien International Border Gate. This is the route connecting Kien Luong – Kien Giang to Southeast Asian nations. There are also the three-nation-crossing tour from Phu Quoc to Shihanouk Ville (Cambodia) and Chanthaburi Province (Thailand) by land and by sea.

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- Rach Gia City and its surroundings: Rach Gia City is the administrative center of Kien Giang Province with a 7 km long coastline and a convenient system of land routes, waterways and airways. Having good infrastructure and a great number of historical and cultural monuments and being the transit point to Ha Tien, Phu Quoc and other destinations within the province, Rach Gia has the advantage to develop such tourist services as hotel, restaurant and nighttime amusement. It also has two large-scale supermarkets (Citimart at sea transgressing area and Rach Soi Co.op Mart) that well meet the demand of its residents and tourists. Rach Gia City is the first one to implement sea transgression project to build new urban area in Vietnam. The sea transgressing area turned Rach Gia into one of the biggest urban areas of the southwest region. For the time being, it has been investing in many important projects such as: Vinh Hiep New Urban Center, Sea Trangressing Complex Urban Area, two bridges connect the sea transgressing area with the 16ha area, Lac Hong Bridge,… Some of Rach Gia’s surrounding areas as Kien Hai, Hon Dat, U Minh Thuong District also have potentials in tourist development. Kien Hai is exploting one-day roundtrip sea and island exploring tours.

 

This is an area having distinct cultural activities of the people who live on fishing, making fish sauce and processing sea products for many proceeding generations. The Hon Dat Tourist Area is in the phase of completing some cultural works at the tomb of the hero, revolutionary martyr Phan Thi Rang (Su) and building a small war museum at the provincial television broadcasting area on the top of Hon Me Mountain,…

 

- U Minh Thuong:With its specific ecological characteristic as a vast flooded indigo forest growing on peat soil, U Minh Thuong National Park – the former revolutionary base, the World’s Biosphere Reserve has now opened to welcome ecotourists. Coming to U Minh Thuong National Park Tourist Area, tourists would not only be pleased to join the exciting ecotours but also have the chance to learn about the human culture of the Ca Mau Peninsula and study the Oc Eo – Phu Nam Archaeological Site (Canh Den, Nen Vua, Ke Mot). Those who are interested in revolutionary history should not miss The U Minh Thuong Revolutionary Base Monument Complex with such relics as Cay Bang T-junction, Tau T-junction, Thu Muoi Mot, Ban Bien Phu Indigo Forest, Canal Chac Bang 200-day Regrouping Site,… Moreover, the Province has just started to build some works according to the Project of Reconstructing the Provincial Committee’s Revolutionary at Vinh Thuan District.

 

Apart from four main tourist areas foresaid, Kien Giang still has a more-than-1.1-million-ha biosphere reserve which is abundant, diversified and special in terms of landscape and ecosystem, and of great value in terms of research as well as tourism. This biosphere reserve covers parts of Phu Quoc, An Minh, U Minh Thuong, Vinh Thuan, Kien Luong and Kien Hai District; and consists of three core areas in U Minh Thuong National Park, Phu Quoc National Park and Kien Luong – Kien Hai coastal protective forest.



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