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Hai Phong City - Development Resources PDF Print
Saturday, 15 December 2012 17:17

VIETRHai_Phong_-_development_resources_1ADE - Hai Phong, a coastal city, lies on in the Hong Delta and Northern Key Economic Region (NKER), and 102km away from Hanoi Capital. Hai Phong coordinates between 200 30’ 39”and 210 01’ 15” north latitude and 1060 23’ 39” - 1070 08’ 39” east longitude (It, in addition, avails Bach Long Vy Island District sits on Tonkin Gulf and coordinates between 200 07’ 35”and 200 08’ 36” north latitude, and 1070 42’ 20”-1070 44’ 15” east longitude). It borders Quang Ninh Province in the north, Hai Duong Province in the west, Thai Binh Province in the south, the East Sea in the east.

 

Population: 1,852.700 (2008)

Population density: 1, 220 persons/km² (2008)

Natural resources:

Seaport development natural resources: Hai Phong avails 7 out of 14 districts and towns touching sea. Hai Phong Sea is consistent with seaport system and marine transport. Hai Phong Sea in not deep, but its bottom has deep rivulets, which were old rivers, accommodating vessels. Estuaries such as Da Thach-Bach Dang have been seasonal to build up deep-water ports. Dinh Vu Canal and Lach Huyen Estuary join Cam Estuary to the Bach Dang River.

 

Aquatic product resources: Territorial waters lies in the middle of Tonkin Gulf, working sea products favorably since it touches major fishing grounds of Bach Long Vy, Long Chau-Ba Lat, and Cat Ba which have the most economic significance from Tonkin Gulf. According to Hai Phong Fishery Research Institute, Hai Phong Territorial Waters is home to 135 floating plant species, 138 seaweeds, 23 plants, 500 aquatic stocks, 160 cuphobias, 189 fishes and shrimps, including high economic value species raised and protected.

 

It is able to tap and farm brackish and sea stocks at coastal areas, edges of the islands, and tide beach areas of estuaries amounting to 24,000ha. Furthermore, there is a 45,000ha of water expanse, 17,000ha of which is seawater, 15,000ha of brackish water, 13,000ha of fresh water, making it favorable to farm aquatic stocks and plants.

 

There are sea areas to anchor boats, vessels for farming, tapping, and processing aquatic products. They are northern Thuy Tien, Do Son, particularly 2 island districts of Cat Hai with 366 small and big islands, and Bach Long Vy that form the most important logistics island group for offshore fish catching of northern and central regions.

 

Thanks to the potential above, Hai Phong has developed and been a center for tapping, farming, and logistics services of the fish sector in a northern region. Yet, Hai Phong’s aqua products working industry becomes a spearhead economic sector when its vessels move and catch fish in international waters (since its most tapped reserves are 270,000 tons while its current exploited output is 250,000 tons, i.e, an approximate threshold of allowed output).

 

Tourist resources:

Hai Phong has beautiful spots such as Do Son Peninsula, Cat Ba Island, and Bach Long Vy Island. There are places to serve tourists such as Mount Deo (Thuy Nguyen Dist.), Mount Doi (Kien Thuy Dist.), Mount Voi (An Lao Dist.), Mount Phu Lien (Kien An Dist.). Hai Phong’s tourist points are associated with Ha Long of Quang Ninh and Dong Chau of Thai Binh, creating beautiful interesting and various tourist lines, especially Cat Ba and Do Son.

 

+ Cat Ba: It is the biggest island out of 1,969 ones and island groups in Ha Long Bay. Its neglected nature is seen at forest, sea, rivers, streams, mountains, hills, valleys, sand beaches, and grottoes that are formed one after another, designing particularly interesting beautiful spots. A 15,200ha Cat Ba National Forest holds a 570ha tropical primitive forest abundant in plants and animals such as primate cercopithecus and Kim Giao Tree.

 

+ Do Son: It stretches out 22.5km from Cam Estuary to Van Uc Estuary. It is home to a 2,450-km fine sand beach as an ideal bathing beach. Sightseeing places in Do Son are composed of Ngoc Temple, Rong Stream, Ba De Temple, bathing beaches of I, II, and III, “Non-number” Quay, casino area, Cau Vong Market, Bao Dai Villa, and a buffalo-fighting festival…

 

Its natural conditions (islands, bathing beaches, primitive forests, and mounts) and famous landscapes, historical and cultural relics plus perfect infrastructure make Hai Phong stand out from other provinces on tourism.

 

FHai_Phong_-_development_resources_2orest resources: Hai Phong’s forest is rich in trees of sea forests, timber forests, bamboo, and rattan forests, fruit tree forests. Above all, Cat Ba National Park in Cat Ba Island is a 15,200ha, 9,800ha of which is forest and 9,800ha of sea. The park’s various terrain is mainly limestone mountains with particularly interesting caves and white sand beaches. It is the place that preserves the largest primitive forests in Viet Nam. A various plant community, as per the initial researching result, is home to 745 species, 495 branches, 149 families, in which 350 species are medicinal ones. A rare and various fauna has 20 animal species, 69 bird species, 20 reptiles and amphibian species, and 11 frog species. Rare animals are red faced and yellow faced monkeys, chamois, muntjac, water-rat, wide cat, and porcupine… including primate cercopithecus. UNESCO recognized Cat Ba as an international biosphere preserve park.

 

Mineral resources:

Limestone: Limestone is discovered at places (Trang Kenh, Cat Ba, Phi Liet, and Pha Dun..), yet mostly found at Trang Kenh with reserves A+B+C1+C2 over 185 million tons. Puzolan is present in Phap Co at 71 million-ton deposit. High quality limestone is consistent with cement production. Hai Phong’s limestone deposit is able to feed raw materials for a cement plant at capacity of 4-5 million tons per annum.

 

Salt and sand: They are vital materials in Hai Phong concentrating mainly on rivers and beaches in districts of Cat Hai, Tien Lang, Vinh Bao, Kien Thuy, and Do Son.

 

Other minerals: Clay in Tien Hoi, Chien Thang, Kien Thiet (Tien Lang), Tan Phong (Kien Thuy), Dong Thai (An Hai); mineral water in Bach Dang (Tien Lang); iron in Duong Quan, Duong Chinh; zinc in Cat Ba; mineral sand in coastal places of Cat Hai and Tien Lang; kaolin in Doan Lai (Thuy Tien); phosphate in Cat Ba Island; quaczi and tectit at some mounts in Do Son; asphalt stone in Bach Long Vy; and oil and gas that may be discovered at Hai Phong’s continental shelf (because Hai Phong’s continental shelf with 3,000m thick makes up one fourth from one third of Tonkin Gulf).

 

Limestone is the crucial minerals, making the city high-odds compared to other provinces on construction materials production. Limestone’s quality and deposit is consistent with large-sized cement production.



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