Trang tiếng Việt
Overvier of Quang Ninh Province PDF Print
Saturday, 15 December 2012 17:28

VIETRAoverview_of_Quang_Ninh_1DE - NATURAL CONDITIONS:

- Geographical location: Quang Ninh Province lies in north-eastern Viet Nam, bordering Guangxi Province of the People’s Republic of China in the north, Haiphong City in the south, Lac Son, Bac Giang, and Hai Duong Provinces in the west, and Tokin Gulf in the east.

 

- Natural area: 6,082km2 (Quang Ninh Statistics Yearbook 2007)

 

- Coast line: 250km

 

- Border line: Quang Ninh borders China some 132.8km and the East Sea in the east, avails Mong Cai International Border Gate, 2 national border gates of Hoanh Mo (Binh Lieu) and Phong Sinh (Hai Ha). Quang Ninh is one of the 5 provinces in Viet Nam under a Viet-China economic “2 corridors and one strip” cooperation region.

 

- Climate: Quang Ninh is located in tropical region; average annual temperature is 22.90C, the coldest temperature 50C (Jan), the hottest temperature 37.90C (July). Average annual rainfall is1432.9 mm – 2625.8 mm. Average annual humidity is 82%.

 

- Topography: Quang Ninh is a mountainous and coastal province. Hills and mountains cover more than 80% of its natural land. Over 2,000 islands are also mountains.

 

- Administrative units: Quang Ninh has 2 cities: Ha Long City, a social-economic center for the province, and Mong Cai City, 2 towns of Cam Pha and Uong Bi, and 10 districts of Ba Che, Binh Lieu, Co To, Dam Ha, Dong Trieu, Hai Ha, Hoanh Bo, Tien Yen, Van Don, and Yen Hung.

 

DEVELOPMENT RESOURCES:

- Population: 1.1 million

- Population density: 180 persons/ km2

- Work force: some 726,000

 

Natural resources:

Tourism resources: Ha Long Bay, a world natural heritage, was recognized by UNESCO as great value for landscapes and geology, and is being chosen one of the world natural wonders. Quang Ninh, one of the 4 big tourism centers in Viet Nam, received 4.4 million visitors in 2008. Besides, it is home to beautiful landscapes, historic and cultural relics such as Yen Tu Mountain, Bach Dang Historical Relic, Van Don Port, Tran Kings’ mausoleums.

 

Bai Tu Long Bay avails primitive land and rock islands, sand beaches, and primitive forest that are ideal to develop high quality island-marine ecological tourist zones.

 

Minerals resources: There is a wide variety of minerals resources mostly amounting to big and high quality reserves which other provinces do not have.

 

- Coal deposits 11 billion tons, 3.6 billion tons of which were prospected, mostly laid in 3 areas: Hon Gai, Cam Pha-Duong Huy, and Uong Bi-Mao Khe. Coal under anthracite gains carbon rate of 80-90%, high calorie 7,350- 8,200 kcal/kg. Some 30 – 40 million tons are annual exploited, making up 90% of exploited coal nationwide.

 

- Limestone deposits some 3.1 billion tons, catering for 4 – 6 million tons of cement per annum. There is, in addition, sand, clay, kaolin, and minerals water springs.

overview_of_Quang_Ninh_2

Sea resources:

-With a 250km of coastline, 6,000 sq.km of water expanse, over 2,000 big and small islands, over 40,000ha tide beach, and 20,000ha of bay, Quang Ninh is high potential to develop aquaculture and catch aquatic stocks.

 

- Along Quang Ninh coastal area, deep and wind-tight areas, including Ha Long City, Mong Cai City, Cam Pha Township, districts of Tien Yen and Hai Ha are of upper hand to build and develop a sea port system. Cai Lan and Cua Ong Ports are surrounded to stop winds by limestone mountains. Currents can receive vessels of thousands of tons.

 

Forest resources: There are 243,833.2 ha of forest and forest land (accounting for 40% of Quang Ninh’s natural land), of which 80% are natural forest, the remaining are planted forest; special forestry covers some 100,000ha; unplanted land about 230,000ha. It is very convenient to develop woods for industry, special trees, and fruit-tree.

 

Water resources: There is a wide variety of water resources in Quang Ninh.

 

- Water expanse: Rich water expanse of rivers is said to reach 8,776 million m3/ day, rising from all valleys; currents amount to 118 l/s/km2 at somewhere when it rains heavily.

 

- Underground water: An underground water reserve at Cam Pha is 6,107 m3/ day and at Ha Long 21,290 m3/ day.

 

Besides, Quang Ninh built some 30 reservoirs at the volume of 195.53 million m3 such as Yen Lap (118 million m3), Chuc Bai Son (11.5 million m3), and Quat Dong (10 million m3)… Adding all reservoirs, ponds, and lagoons, Quang Ninh has between 2,500 and 3,000ha of water expanses of lakes and ponds, making it possible to do aquaculture.

 

Land resources: Quang Ninh covers 611,081.3ha, 75,370ha of which is used for agriculture, 146,049ha for forestry, and some 20,000ha for fruit trees.

 

INFRASTRUCTURE:

Communication systems:

Roadway: There are arteries connecting Quang Ninh with provinces from Northern Key Economic Region (NKER) and other nationwide regions. They have been completely built. The road network covers a distance of 410km of national roads (National Roads 18A, 10, 4B), 324km of provincial roads, and more than 2,000km of transdistrict and commune roads. Bai Chay Bridge, over the Cua Luc River, becomes convenient for communication.

 

Rail way: The Hanoi - Halong - Cailan Port Railway, which is favorable to carry freight from northern provinces to sea ports and vice verse, has been being built and is said to connect the national railway network by 2010.

 

Water way: 13 districts and townships, cities in Quang Ninh, apart from Binh Lieu, are endowed with rivers, canals, and sea to transport by waterway.

 

Some big ports in Quang Ninh:

+ Cai Lan Port: It is a deep water port that not only serves Quang Ninh, but also is a gateway to NKER. The port, with its fields and advanced services system, receives 30,000-50,000 ton vessels, and gains the capacity of 18 -21 million tons/year.

 

+ Cua Ong Port: The port, which can receive 50,000 ton vessels, is used for coal exportation.

 

+ Hon Net- Con Ong Port, a transshipment port cluster that is off some 6 miles from coast and 20 m deep, can accommodate 10,000 -15,000 vessels.

 

+ Hai Ha Port Cluster, which is 10-22m deep, can accommodate 150,000-ton vessels.

 

Airway: There are fields for helicopters to land and take off at Ha Long City and Mong Cai. International Standardized Van Don Airport Project was approved to build in the period of 2006-2010 by the Ministry of Transportation. In phase 1, an international standardized runway is built for Being 747 to land and take off.

 

Post-telecom:

Its infrastructure is rapidly expanded towards state-ofthe-art one. To date 100% communes get daily letters by post. Telephone subscription number averages 39 sets/ 100 people (excluding 1 million prepaid mobile phone  subscribers). It satisfies demands on post-telecom of the province.

 

Electric power supply:

Quang Ninh powder supply can assure steady electric powder for home consumption and production in the province. At present, there are seven 110kV transformer stations at total capacity of 154 MVA and two 22kV transformer stations at capacity of 250MVA.

 

And there are electric powder networks at levels of 35, 10, and 6kV in communes and wards province wide.

 

The largest Vietnamese thermo-electric center at design capacity of 4,4400 MW in Quang Ninh, as per an approved plan, is built and expected to generate 5,000MW by 2010.

 

Water supply:

Quang Ninh avails 69 reservoirs, lakes, damps at total reserve volume of 222million m3, in which Yen Lap Reservoir in Hung Yen District at reserve volume of 118 m3 can water 10,000 ha and supplies water for 100,000 people.

 

Water works system in Quang Ninh: Dong Ho at capacity of 20,000m3/ day, Dien Vong 120,000 m3/day, Mao Khe 12,000m3, Mong Cai 5,000m3/day, Uong Bi 8,000 m3/day, and Quang Yen 5,000m3/day.

 

Manpower:

For way of becoming one of the manpower training centers for NKER, the province works closely with Central agencies, ministries to elevate training quality at colleges, second vocational schools, technician schools, and build Quang Ninh Industry University. Annually, over 3,000 students at all levels of university, college, and second vocational school are admitted. Trained laborer rate reached 33% in 2005, 42.5% in 2008 (including vocational training 32%).

 

Health care:

The province instructs and carries out health programs and targets, pumps into equipment. It orders its health department actively to prevent epidemic diseases, and check safe food. Birth rate is controlled at 0.03%. Malnutrition rate from children under 5 years of age was decreased from 24.3% in 2005 to 20% in 2008. Children rate under 1 year of age inoculated against epidemic makes up 95%. 92% of people are served by health care. In 2008, 121 national standardized health stations account for 65%. Socialized health care bears some first fruits.



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