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Overview of Hai Duong Province - Part 1 PDF Print
Friday, 09 November 2012 14:23


- Geographical location: Hai Duong is one of the seven provinces lying in the Northern Key Economic Region in the Red River Delta. It’s flanked by Bac Giang Province to the north, Quang Ninh Province to the northeast, Hai Phong City to the east, Thai Binh Province to the south, Hung Yen Province to the west.


- Territorial space: 1,652.8km2 (2007 statistics)


- Climate: Tropical monsoon, hot and humid, 4 distinct seasons. Average annual temperature: 230C. Average annual precipitation: 1,500-1,700mm. Average air humidity: 78-87%


- Topography: Slanting, gradually sloping down from northwest to southeast. There are 2 main regions: mountains and hills make up 11% of the territory; they are low altitude and lend themselves well to industrial construction, tourism, fruit crops culture, wood trees growing, industrial crops cultivation, the plain region, 3-4m elevation, consists of flat land with fertile soil well suited to food, staple crops, short - time industrial crops, the particular topography holds potential for strong development and diversification of economic production, to note, mostly agro-forestry production.


- Administrative units: There are 11 rural districts: Binh Giang, Cam Giang, Chi Linh, Nam Sach, Kinh Mon, Kim Thanh, Thanh Ha, Minh Giang, Gia Loc, Tu Ky, Thanh Mien, plus Hai Duong City which stands as the political, economic, cultural, science-technology center of the province.



By its geographic and economic location in the Northern Key Economic Region, Hai Duong Province has, in recent years, significantly improved infrastructure systems, particularly, communication, electric power, in positive contribution to the socio-economic development.


CHai_Duong_overview_4ommunication systems: Consisting of roadways, waterways, railways in rational distribution and convenient exchange with other provinces.

Roadways: The network extends to 9,205.96km long, of which 2,200km are automobile roads at density of 0.7km/ km2, the highest density nationwide, the highest in the Red River Delta and of neighboring provinces. Six national roads, No 5, 18,183.., cross over Hai Duong in a length of 115.6km, proportionally taking 5.34% of the total auto highways of the province.


These national roads help to develop local hubs, currently connecting the province to polar development sites of the country. Provincial roads 2, district road, urban center roads, rural roads, bridges, drains, ferry landings, though adequate, need improvement, upgrading to meet development demand. Rural communication is a case in point.

Railways: Rail lines trespassing Hai Duong over a distance of 70km, namely the Hanoi-Hai Phong line, over 44km, Kep-Bai Chay line,10km, Ben Tam-Co Thanh (Chi Linh) line,16km (mainly serving Pha Lai Thermo power Plant). Rail lines facilitate traffic between Hai Duong and other provinces as well as export exchanges via Hai Phong Seaport.


Waterways: Large rivers run through the province forming a propitious waterway network linking the province with Northern provinces and national seaports. There are 18 fluvial routes of some 419km long, of which 393.5km is navigable for transport purpose. There are, in addition, hundreds of other fluvial routes amenable to transport navigation. There are many ports, 29 landing points for cargo haul along rivers. Major ports are Hoang Thach Cement Port (annual cargo handling capacity: 2 million tons), Cong Cau Port (280,000 tons/year).


Power supply: Pha Lai Thermo-power Plants. Pha Lai I 4x110 MW, Pha Lai II 2x300 MW. Transmission lines 220 &110kV from Pha Lai connect to the Northern grid and feed directly into six 110kV stations. There are also other 110kV transmission lines undergoing construction. Hai Duong power grid now avails tension lines 110, 35, 22, 10, 6kV and distribution stations scattered over the territory assuring technical standard supply to economic production and domestic home use.


Water supply: Proper investment concern has been given to new construction and improvement of water supply. Several water works have been regrouped to meet economic production and urban home use demands. Small scale supply to households by wells, collection tanks in rural areas have been practiced.


Communication-information: Technological advances have been applied to upgrading and extension of networks. Current services (cable transmission,, internal provincial cables, mobile nets, Mega VNN ) are improving. Direct, rapid contact within the country and with the outside world is available.


Education-training: Being the concern of authorities at various levels and localities, education-training is stepping up in quality. Grade schools keep on developing quantitatively and qualitatively and in material foundation. As of 2008 ending, there were 288 nursery schools, 279 elementary schools, 273 junior and 52 senior high schools. Senior high graduation rate was 98.34%, that of adult learning catch-up, 95.22%. Successful candidates admission to universities, junior colleges, professional high schools increased by 25%.


Vocational, professional training has taken a positive turn. Eight rural districts and municipalities now avail professional polytechnic training centers. Professional technical high schools graduates keep on rising... The year 2008 saw school admission and professional training to 31,500, which fulfilled professional training plans for the rural labor force of 14,000. Skill trained labor rated 34.3% of the work force.


Health care: Reinforcement and development of the health care network in recent years have not met the needs of local communities. Medical establishments have made good progress in staff cadres, employees, material foundation, and service quality. The end of 2007 found 287 state health organizations, to name 17 hospitals, 5 local diagnosis offices, 1 recuperationfunctional rehabilitation center, 263 villages, ward infirmaries. There were 4,227 hospital beds. Medical and pharmaceutical cadres counted 785 doctors, 842 physicians, 1,087 nurses, 407 midwives, 446 pharmacists, 220 para-pharmacists Disease prevention, food sanitation-safety are well managed. There has been no epidemic outbreak. National health care programs, vaccination programs have been extending as well as infant malnutrition prevention, HIV/AIDS prevention and other social diseases. Under-five aged infant malnutrition dropped to 22% in 2008. Private health care establishments expand greatly. There were, in 2008, 697 private medical organizations, of which 17 were poly clinics, 220 specialty diagnostic offices, 253 traditional medicine treatment centers.


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