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Overview of Lam Dong Province Print
Tuesday, 20 November 2012 16:14

Lam_Dong_overview_1VIETRADE - Lam Dong is one of the five provinces of the Central Highlands of Vietnam and is unique among the subject provinces in that it doesn’t share a border with other countries.


Natural conditions and development resources

Location: Lying in the southern part of the Central Highlands 800-1,000m above sea-level and spanning 9,800 sq.km, Lam Dong shares borders with Khanh Hoa and Ninh Thuan Provinces to the east, Dong Nai Province to the southwest, Binh Thuan Province to the south, Binh Phuoc Province to the west, Dak Lak and Dak Nong Provinces to the north.

 

Lam Dong is lying on three plateaus and is the riverhead of 7 systems of big rivers. The province is near the Southern Key Economic Zone – a dynamic area with high economic growth and a big potential market. The province can be divided into 3 main areas with 5 strong points: development of long-term industrial trees and bushes, forestry, minerals, tourism–services, and livestock.

 

Topography: Lam Dong has a very complex topography with mainly plateaus, high mountains and small flat valleys creating many kinds of climates, soil, fauna and flora etc., and many interesting scenes. The outstanding feature of Lam Dong topography is the clear sub-stage of land from north to south:

 

- In the north is a high mountainous area, Lang Bian Plateau with many peaks from 1,300-2,000m high such as Bi Doup (2,300m) and Lang Bian (2,200m).

- In the east and west are low mountains from 500-1,000m high.

- In the south is the transition area between Di Linh Plateau – Bao Loc and semi-plateau.

 

Climate: Lam Dong lies in an area affected by a tropical monsoon climate varying according to the height of the terrain. There are two main seasons: the rainy season from May to November, the dry season from December to April. The weather is cool all year with an average temperature of 190C. Average rainfall is 1,800mm/year, and the average humidity is 85%. The climate is ideal for not only convalescing tourists but also for developing temperate-loving fauna and flora. Further, Lam Dong’s temperate climate is in a typical tropical climate not very far from big urban centers and populated deltas.

 

Administrative organization: Lam Dong has 12 administrative units, including two cities, (i) Da Lat City (the province’s administrative and socio-economic center), and (ii) Bao Loc City. Lam Dong has 10 districts: Bao Lam, Cat Tien, Di Linh, Dam Rong, Da Huoai, Da The, Don Duong, Lac Duong, Lam Ha, and Duc Trong.

 

Population: 1,200,000 people (of 40 ethnic groups)

Population density: 122 people/sq.km

Labor force: 724,000 people

 

NATURAL RESOURCES

Land

Lam Dong has 8 kinds of soil. The soil with a slope under 250 makes up more than 50%. The soil is generally very fertile. There are about 260,000ha in the province suitable for agricultural production. More specifically there are 200,000ha of basaltic soil mainly in the Bao Loc and Di Linh plateaus suitable for long-term industrial trees and bushes, vegetables, and quality flowers for export bringing in high economic value, with the following serving as prime examples: coffee on 143,000ha, 324,000tons/year (second only to Dak Lak Province); tea on 24,000ha, 193,000tons/year (tops in the nation); mulberries on 3,600ha, 36,000tons/year (tops in the nation); cashews on 16,000ha, 7,500tons/year (one of the ten leading provinces); over 47,000ha of vegetables and flowers (highest in the nation); and 622,000ha of forest (coverage of 61%).

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Water

Lam Dong has the Dong Nai River and other abundant water sources including a dense network of streams. The province is suitable for high-yield hydropower projects. There are 73 reservoirs and 92 dams. The rivers and streams in Lam Dong are distributed rather equally with average density of 0.6km/sq.km and the river bed slope is under 1%. Most rivers and streams run from northeast to southwest. Because of the mountainous terrain and partitioning, most rivers here have rather small basins and many waterfalls at riverheads. The province’s large rivers belong to Dong Nai River system. Lam Dong’s three main rivers are Da Dang River, La Nga River and Da Nhim River.

 

Forest

Bio-diversification of the forest system plays importance in having scenery worthy of tourists, especially the Da Lat pine forest. With rivers, streams, lakes, dikes, and waterfalls etc, Lam Dong forests attract domestic and overseas tourists. Lam Dong also has two national forests - Cat Tien and Bidoup-Nui Ba - which still preserve many precious kinds of plants and animals listed in Vietnam’s Red Book. Bidoup-Nui Ba National Forest, spanning 57,000ha and a mere 10km from Da Lat City, still preserves sub-tropical high-mountain forest systems and many precious endemic plants and animals. It’s one of the world’s 221 endemic bird reserves and one of Vietnam three endemic bird reserves.

 

Minerals

Lam Dong has 25 kinds of minerals, of which bauxite, bentonite, kaolin, granite, zinc, clay, diatomite, and peat have the highest reserves and can be mined economically. Lam Dong has 1.2 trillion tons of rather good bauxite; notably, the transportation makes the exploiting adequately easy. There are 520 billion tons of high-quality kaolin; it can be used for producing electronic porcelain, mechanical thermal durable porcelain, high-quality consumer porcelain, fireproof brick, stuffing for the paperprocessing industry, aluminum sulfate etc. There are 4 billion tons of high-quality bentonite clay; after sodium activation to reap alkali bentonite, you have a compound that can be used to produce molds, a degreaser for the lubricant and food industries, an additive in producing integrated fertilizers, and drill mud for the oil and gas industry.

 

Brown coal and diatomite have been discovered in many places, but only the ore at Dai Lao can be industrially exploited; it has reserves of 8.5 billion cu.m and can be used as combustible, heat insulation, and additive in producing fertilizers or cement.

 

Tourism: Lying at an average height of 1,500m above sea level, Da Lat – Lam Dong is an atypical area of Southeast Asia. With average temperature of 190C, the climate here is very temperate. Da Lat is a renowned convalescence and tourism area of Vietnam and has been for a long time. There are many kinds of tourism at Da Lat – Lam Dong such as sightseeing tours, convalescence tours, cultural tours, sports tours, eco-tours and conference tours.

 

INFRASTRUCTURE

Transportation: At 1,700km long, the road system reaches all communes and homes. National highways 20, 27, 28, 55, and 723 connect Lam Dong to the southeast, Ho Chi Minh City, provinces of the Central Highlands, and central coastal provinces, creating solid socio-economic relations with other regions. Of significance is the government’s having approved the Da Lat – Dau Giay Expressway project and the West Truong Son Road from Da Lat to Quang Nam and other provinces in the area. The Lien Khuong Airport, 30km from the center of Da Lat, will be upgraded to an international airport with a runway of 3,250m long that can receive medium-range aircraft such as the A320, A321 or equivalent. The road connecting the Lien Khuong Airport to Da Lat is under upgrade to expressway status. The new Highway 723 connecting Da Lat to Nha Trang, the two big tourist centers, has been shortened to save time.

 

Power Supply: The power source supplied by the national grid is adequate. The system includes these hydropower plants: Da Nhim (160MW), Suoi Vang (3MW), Ham Thuan – Da Mi (475MW) and Dai Ninh (300MW). Other power plants are under construction; examples are Dong Nai 3 and Dong Nai 4 Hydropower Plants (580MW), Bao Loc, Di Linh and Can Rang diesel-powered plants (4MW). The province is calling for 60 small and medium-sized power plants, and striving for all communes to have electricity from the grid.

 

Water Supply: The water supply system has been improved. There is Da Lat Water Supply Plant (35,000cu.m/day), Bao Loc Town water supply system (10,000cu.m/day), Duc Trong District water supply system (2,500cu.m/day), Di Linh District water supply system (3,500cu.m/day) and Lam Ha District water supply system (6,000cu.m/day). Seven water supply plants are under construction - at Don Duong, Lam Ha, Dam Rong, Da Huoai Districts. Along with the water supply system, a comprehensive wastewater (sewage) processing system is under construction.

 

Postal and telecommunication system: Postal and telecommunications are now modern, meeting the socioeconomic requirement of the locality, including investors. One hundred percent of the communes have telephone connections, and there are 2,107,000 telephones (including land-line and mobile phones), averaging 175 telephones/100 inhabitants. There are 51,000 internet subscribers.



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