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Central key economic zone: powerful marine economic axis - Part 1 PDF Print
Tuesday, 12 March 2013 14:57

VIETRADE - Since World War II, the formation and development of continental and intercontinental economic blocs has quickly promoted the process of regionalization and globalization. For economic growth, the developed countries, namely Japan, the Netherlands, Britain, France, Korea, Singapore and China, took full advantage of and strived to promote the particularly important role of the sea. Realizing the ultimate role of the marine economy, the Party and State of Vietnam have also been interested in development of marine economy and coastal areas and islands, especially the Central Key Economic Zone.


A powerful  marine economic axis

Based on analysis of trends in marine economy development and strategy adaptation mentioned above, in the Spring of 1992, scientists of the oceanographic  physics, coastal structures and continental shelf of Vietnam Institute of Science in HCM City conducted a re- search program of natural conditions and other socioeconomic conditions and strategic location which were particularly important for economic geography, politics, culture, society, and security, national defense to find and select the places to be able to build deep-water seaport and industrial areas along the Central coast including estuaries: Quy Nhon, De Gi, An Du, Tam Quan (Binh Dinh), Sa Huynh, Tra Cau, Cua Dai, Dung Quat Bay (Quang Ngai), Ky Ha, Da Nang Bay (Quang Nam) and Chan May (Thua Thien Hue). After analyzing and summarizing the research results, three sites which met the conditions for building deep-water seaport and industrial, trade, tourism services zones has been selected, namely: Dung Quat (northeast of Quang Ngai), Chan May (Southeast of Thua Thien Hue), Nhon Hoi (Binh Dinh).


The above findings and recommendations were approved by the Party and State; and important decisions with a tremendous long- term impact on socio-economic development history of the Central Region, Central Highlands and the whole country were made.


In the Autumn of 1994, the approval of deep-water seaport and the Dung Quat industrial zone project led to the appearance of Central Key Economic Zone stretching from Lien Chieu (Quang Nam - Da Nang) to Dung Quat (Quang Ngai) and formed the industrial development axis, tourism and services along the coast stretching from Da Nang to Dung Quat with Highway 24 and 14 connecting the Mekong River Sub-region.


In the Spring of 1996, the approval of deep-water seaport projects and Chan May industrial, commercial and tourist services zones expanded the Central Key Economic Zone to Thua Thien Hue and in the Fall of 2004, the approval of deep-water seaport project and Nhon Hoi economic zone led to the expansion of Central Key Economic Zone in the South to Binh Dinh (Route 19).




Central Key Economic Zone has area of 27,884km2, population of around 6.2 million people (2010) and is estimated to have 8.15 million in 2025, with strings of developing urban stretching 558km of coast, namely: Hue, Da Nang, Hoi An, Tam Ky, Quang Ngai, Quy Nhon and the major economic zones such as Chan May - Lang Co, Chu Lai, Dung Quat, Nhon Hoi. The Central Key Economic Zone has key strategic position in geography, economy, politics, culture and security, national defense. It is the facade of the whole country, The Mekong Sub-region and the Asia – Pacific. From here, it can be connected with Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Myanmar and farther the South Asian countries and South Western China through the East – West Corridor, Route 9, Route 14, Route 24, Route 19. Connecting the world by a system of deepwater seaports: Chan May, Tien Sa, Ky Ha, Dung Quat, Nhon Hoi and the airport system in Phu Bai, Da Nang, Cam Ranh, Phu Cat. It is the region with a large infrastructure axis in the country: Highway 1A, Ho Chi Minh Route, Trans-Vietnam railway, 500 kV power lines, optic cable fiber and cross-country microwave, a region with 13 universities, four world cultural heritages, namely Hue Ancient Capital, Hoi An, My Son, and the intangible culture Hue royal court music.


During the last 18 years, the socio-economic development of the area has had a ever striking breakthrough unprecedented in history. From the investment of tens of million dollars (in 1990), currently the investment has reached to tens of billion dollars (increasing by 1000 times). From a poor countryside with the little outdated agriculture, today this area has quickly become a strong marine economic axis of the country with deep-water seaport system, the system of multi-sectoral economic zone whose spine is the important large-scale industry for the process of industrialization and modernization of the country, namely petro-petrochemical industry, steel rolling industry, shipbuilding industry, machine tool manufacturing industry, thermal power and hydro power industry, automobile manufacturing industry, agro-forestry-fishery product processing industry, building material manufacturing industry, auxiliary industry and other light industries. Only in Dung Quat economic zone, in 2025, it is expected that the investment will be up to 30 billion dollars and the refinery area will be expanded with a capacity of 15 million tons/ year and a manufacturing of 5 million tons of steel/ year, etc.


With its beautiful heritage and nature road, the Central Key Economic Zone has played a very important role in the tourism system of the country. The explosion of economic development in the Central Region has gradually brought a renovation to this poor land. It can be seen specifically in Quang Ngai Province. From the provincial budget of only approximately 160 billion dong, Quang Ngai has now become a member of the 2000-billion club and even further.


It can be seen that the Central Key Economic Zone is formed from marine economic sector and is gradually becoming a strong marine economic axis of the Central Region – Western Highlands and the whole country. (to be continued)

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