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Socio-Economic Development in Lam Dong Province - Part 1 Print
Wednesday, 23 January 2013 12:00

VIETReconomic_development_in_Lam_Dong_1ADE - Lam Dong is one of the five provinces of the Central Highlands of Vietnam and is unique among the subject provinces in that it doesn’t share a border with other countries.


1. Economy

- Economic growth: the economy of Lam Dong continued to develop at high speed, with annual average GDP growth in the five years of 2006-2010 at 14% reaching the goal of at least 13-14%/year, of which agro-forestry increased by 10%, industry-construction 21%, and serv- ices 19%.


- The estimated GDP per capita in 2010 was 19 billion VND, a three-fold increase over that of 2005, equaling 117% of the set goal and equaling 88% of the national per capita GDP, narrowing the gap of lagging behind in comparison to that of the whole nation. (In 2005, GDP per capita of Lam Dong was only 64% of that of the na- tion as a whole.)


- The economic make-up continued to evolve but slowly. In 2010, the ratio between industry and construction reached 20%, service-commerce 31%, agro-forestry- aquaculture 49%, not reaching the goals of 26%, 36-38%, 36-38% respectively.


- Total export revenue for the five years reached US$1.2 trillion which easily exceeded the goal of US$900-950 billion. Revenue for 2010 was 2.3 times higher than that of 2005. The export growth rate was 1.4 times more than that of the economy. The average export revenue per capita reached US$250 in 2010.


- Taxes paid in the province over the five years were 11 trillion VND (meeting the goal of 11 trillion VND).


- Total production reached 23 trillion VND for average growth of 14%/year, of which the production value of agro-forestry increased by 10%, industry-construction in- creased by 17%, and services increased by 20%, mean- ing mixed results for meeting the goals of 7-8%, 22-23%, 20-21% respectively.


- Industrial production value in the period of 2006-2010 increased adequately. In 2005, the industrial production value of industry attained a mere 2 trillion VND; by the end of 2010, the industrial production value had im- proved to 5 trillion VND, an average increase of 16%/year, of which the mining industry increased by 24%, the processing industry increased by 12%, and power and water supply increased by 24%.


2. Society

- Population: the birth rate decreased by 0.5%/year; in 2010, the population growth reduced to 1.35% reaching the target of reducing the birth rate by 0.5-0.6% and re- ducing population growth to under 1.4% by the year 2010.


- Jobs were created for 24,000 people, reaching the goal of 24,000-25,000 people/year.


- The rate of poor households in the province decreased rather precipitously from 24% in 2005 to 5% in 2010, of which that for ethnic minorities also plummeted from the 54% in 2005 to 15% in 2010. (The goal was that the rate of poor households in the province reduces to 14% and that of the ethnic minorities to 30%).


- Healthcare: In 2010, 100% of the communes had re- gional consulting rooms and medical stations; 76% of the communes, wards, and towns had doctors; 99% of the children were vaccinated; the rate of malnourished chil- dren less than 5 years old reduced to 18%; and 75% of the people were using clean water.


- Culture-information: In 2010, 55% of the hamlets, villages, and residential zones had attained the cul- tural standard; 80% of the households reached the cul- tural household standard; and 100% of the communes in the province had access to television and radio broadcasts.


- Education-training: Educational universalization has been national-standardized improved to the secondary level in 2009; 76% of the children attend kindergarten; 100% of the districts has regular educational centers or vocational training centers; 67% of the districts have at least one vocational training center; and 25% of workers have been trained, reaching the goal.

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