Trang tiếng Việt
Ho Chi Minh city – the most morden city in Viet Nam (Part 1) Print
Thursday, 30 May 2013 10:23

VIETRADE - Known as a dynamic and friendly city, also an important economic, cultural, educational, scientific and technological center in the South in particular and the whole country in general, Ho Chi Minh City is located in the heart of Southeastern and Southwestern regions, as the most populated urban area as well as plays the economic leading role of the country. In addition, Ho Chi Minh City with variety of modern industrial zones is also the most attractive destination for foreign investors. At the same time, Ho Chi Minh City, thanks to the favorable natural conditions, becomes the important traffic hub of Vietnam and Southeast Asia with Tan Son Nhat International Airport, Saigon Railway Station, Southeast Coach Station, Southwest Coach Staiton…


Diversification of land, natural resources and minerals

The total natural land area of Ho Chi Minh City is 2,095.2 sq. km and is divided into 24 districts with 322 wards, communes and townships. The inner city area consists of 19 districts: 1,3,4,5,6,8,10,11, Phu Nhuan, Binh Thanh, Go Vap, Tan Binh and Tan Phu (the former inner city area) and 2,9,7,12, Thu Duc and Binh Tan (expanded urban area) with an area of 493.96 sq. km and 254 wards. The suburban area includes five districts: Cu Chi, Hoc Mon, Binh Chanh, Nha Be and Can Gio, with an area of 1601.28 sq. km including 58 communes and 5 townships.


The land of Ho Chi Minh City is formed on two sediments: Pleistocene and Holocene. In particular, Pleistocene sediment (old alluvial sediments) mostly constitutes the north-northwest and northeast areas of the city, the city includes the majority of Cu Chi, Hoc Mon, north Binh Chanh, Thu Duc District, north-northeast of District 9 and majority of the old urban area.


It is characterized by hilly terrain or wavy terrain under the influence of such natural factors as species, climate and human activities, through erosion and runoff process,… it has grown into gray soil with more than 45,000ha, accounting for 23.4% of land in the area. Holocene sediments (young alluvial sediments) originated from the coast, bays, river bed and alluvial ground,... form many different types of soil: the area of alluvial group is 15,100ha, (7.8%), alkaline soil group is 40,000 ha (21.2%) and salt alkaline soil is 45,000ha (23.6%); furthermore, there are over 400 hectares (0.2%) similar sandy soil near the sea and gravel-eroded ferralsols in hilly areas.


Other than the land resources, Ho Chi Minh City also has such abundant water resources as Dong Nai River which is known as the main fresh water source of the city with an basin area of about 45,000 sq. km, annually it provides about 38.6 billion m3 of water; reserves of groundwater in safe mining  condition is approximately 0.8 million m3/day; two main canals systems: one that runs into Saigon River having two main branches: Ben Cat Arroyo and Nhieu Loc-Thi Nghe Canal, and the other system running into Ben Luc River, Doi and Te Canals including Tan Kien, Ba Hom, Tan Hoa–Lo Gom Arroyos; in addition, the city has about 200,000 bored wells used by households and 1,000 industrial bored wells which are used to exploit over 400,000m3 of water/day.


Mineral resources of the city are mainly building materials, such as clay, sand, grit and gravel; raw materials for ceramics and fluxes; peat,... However, only some minerals can meet the needs of the city: materials for construction, glass ceramics and raw materials, fuels,... Other minerals such as ferrous metals, nonferrous metals (except aluminum), coal,... have not been discovered so far.


Plentiful human sources

According to census data dated April 1, 2010, the population of Ho Chi Minh City is 7,382,287 people, however, it is unevenly distributed, mainly concentrated in the inner districts (5,330,011 people, accounting for 72.2%) and sparsely in the suburban districts (2,052,276 people, accounting for 27, 8%). In recent years, the city dwellers tend to move from the inner Ho Chi Minh City to the suburban areas and new districts, which is consistent with the trend of population dispersion requirements and the process of urbanization.


Developed educational system

Up to now, there have been 70 universities and colleges in Ho Chi Minh City, accounting for 20% of all universities and colleges in the country; in which there are 41 public universities and colleges, 5 nonpublic universities and colleges and the remaining are private universities and colleges. The number of disciplines in universities and colleges are being diversified with the total of 80 branches. The number of universities and colleges in the city increased quickly in the line with the trend of economic development, especially in recent years. The system of universities and colleges currently not only serves for workforce training for the city but also for key human resources training for the Southern provinces.


As a result of huge demand for workforce, the universities and colleges, in addition to the long since training forms of full-time and inservice, are providing new training forms such as non-attended fulltime training, part-time training and training at learners’ demands, guided self-study, upgrading training (from college level to university one), additional training (to obtain the 2nd university degree), domestic and foreign association, joint-venture,… Accordingly, the number of trainees and qualification of the employees are remarkably improved to serve for the modernization and industrialization of the country. In general, the training in the city over the past 35 years has developed in the direction of increasing in quantity, the training systems are also varied, the facilities are somewhat invested and expanded. However, the structures in many aspects are not suitable to development demand, especially the tertiary and collegiate education proportion are in serious imbalance condition compared with the one of intermediate and technical workers schools. At present, most of the industries lack intermediate-level and technical workers, especially skilled workers. (tobe continued)

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