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Ho Chi Minh city – the most morden city in Viet Nam (Part 2) Print
Wednesday, 12 June 2013 10:36

VIETRADE - Increasingly improved scientific and technological activities

The city has great potential of scientific and technological activities, there are 130 organs specializing in scientific and technological activities. In which, 87% of the units and 10% of the workforce are under the local management, which shows that the scientific and technological activities do not only serve for the city but also for the Southern provinces and the whole country and this causes difficulty in management of the scientific and technological activities, especially the exploitation of the workforce of science and technology field.

 

Generally, the scientific andtechnological activities in term of research are quite plentiful, diversified, mainly applying research results and are focalized on processing technology of natural resources such as minerals, petroleum, natural compounds, and doing researches for new materials (metal materials, polymer materials, silicate materials, a catalyst material for the processing of petroleum, vegetable oil, the technology of anti-pollution, resistant wear, anti-rust); machinery and equipment manufacturing technology, nanotechnology, electronic-information-telecommunications technology applied in automation and production in many fields and industries. These are the basis and precondition for the introduction of the technology and high-tech zone in the city and the Southern Key Economic Region in the future. Institutes, sub-institutes, and research centers of the ministries, branches and the city have been studying to solve the urgent needs of technicalproduction technology and economic management for the industries in the city and regions of south West Highlands, Southeast and Mekong River Delta.

 

Modern infrastructure

Possessing a special geographical position, Ho Chi Minh City becomes the important transportation center of the country with growing transportation system including roadway, waterway, railway and airline.

 

- Roadway: The road system in Ho Chi Minh City is getting denser, however, due to rapid population growth and improper planning, it can’t meet the requirements. To solve traffic congestion, the city has implemented and completed several important transportation projects such as Vo Van Kiet Road (the East-West Highway), the Thu Thiem Tunnel, Thu Thiem Bridge, Phu My Bridge, Trans-Asian Highway, HoChi Minh City-Long Thanh-Dau Giay Highway and Ho Chi Minh City-Vung Tau Highway, Truong Chinh Road, Trung Luong Highway, Southern inter-regional highway, Nguyen Van Troi-Nam Ky Khoi Nghia Blvd,... In addition, there are a number of major projects being under construction such as the belt roads No. 1, 2, 3; the Thi Nghe-Tan Son Nhat Airport overhead road, Binh Trieu Bridge,... and specially, South-North Highway project with a total investment capital of US$30 billion; when these projects are completed, Ho Chi Minh City will be linked to all major economic areas nationwide. Furthermore, the municipal government keeps on paying special attention to investment in buses and bus network as an important means of transport for daily people’s travel.

 

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- Railways: Saigon Railway Station in Ho Chi Minh City is known as the most important and busiest traffic hub in Vietnam. Because of high urban traffic density, the city is implementing the construction of the subway system (metro) and elevated railways (monorail). Currently, many foreign partners (Japan, France, Germany, Russia) want to invest in the metro and monorail as foresaid.

 

- Airways: Tan Son Nhat International Airport in Ho Chi Minh City is currently the largest airport in Vietnam and also is one of the major international airports in Southeast Asia with the service capacity of seven million passengers per year and average frequency of 170 take-offs and landings with about 20,000 passengers per day, of which international visitors account for over 50%. There are currently 16 domestic routes and 26 international ones.

 

- Waterway: There are now 10 specialized river and seaports (7 seaports and 3 riverports) with a total surface area of over 3 million m2 and about 7.000-m long of dock in Ho Chi Minh City. The total cargo through the sea-port system is about 40 million tons and a million tons through river ports. Saigon port system deals with domestic and international ports of the country with working capacity of 10 million tons per year. In addition, Sai Gon Port can receive ships with large tonnage from 15,000 to 20,000 tons. Along with the development of transportation network, such fields as post-telecommunications, information technology, power supply, water supply and health system of the city are also increasingly and synchronously growing.

 

-Post-telecommunications-information technology: Ho Chi Minh City is the largest post-telecommunications center in Vietnam. Turnover obtained from posttelecommunications services and Internet by businesses in the city is estimated at 18,500 billion VND.

 

- Power supply: thanks to the continual efforts of renovation and expansion of the grid, power supplied to the city has increased by 10.6%/year averagely. Currently, the city's power grid is able to meet the requirement of nearly 100% urban population and over 90% suburban one.

 

- Water supply: At present, the water supply system of Ho Chi Minh City is able to supply water to only 86.5% of the urban population. The prompt growth of population in recent years is the main cause leading to the above result. In addition, to increase the size and capacity of water supply for the city, from 2003, the municipal government has issued socialization regulations of water supply in order to attract all economic sectors to participate in developing resources and preventing loss of water.

 

- Health: The health system of Ho Chi Minh City is developing increasingly, not only to ensure health care for city dwellers, but also to treat about 60% patients coming from other provinces. The health network at grassroots level in Ho Chi Minh City is constantly being upgraded and invested in all aspects, especially equipment and personnel. Many district medical centers are equipped with high-tech machinery, health stations in communes, wards are also equipped in accordance with list of equipment issued by the Ministry of Health in order to meet the national standards. Currently, the proportion of doctors/population is 65/100,000. Along with the public health system, in recent years, the private health system in Ho Chi Minh City has strongly developed and contributed to the reducing of pressure in large public hospitals. (end)



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