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Ba Ria-Vung Tau - a tourism and investment destination (P.1) PDF Print
Tuesday, 02 April 2013 11:28

VIETRADE - Ba Ria-Vung Tau Province was founded in November 1991 by merging Vung Tau- Con Dao Special Region to the three districts separated from Dong Nai Province, namely Chau Thanh, Long Dat and Xuyen Moc. The province has an area of 2,047 km2, including eight administrative units: Vung Tau City, Ba Ria Town, Con Dao Island District and other five districts of Long Dien, Dat Do, Xuyen Moc, Tan Thanh and Chau Duc. It borders Dong Nai Province to the north, Ho Chi Minh City to the west, Binh Thuan Province to the east, and the East Sea to the west. Its location is very special because it is a gateway to the East Sea for provinces in the Southeastern Region.


Ba Ria-Vung Tau Province has great potentials and key advantages of location, land and infrastructure for the socio-economic development, particularly for the development of marine economy, such as petroleum, electricity production, fertilizer, seaport, tourism, mining and processing of marine products, etc. It is currently the major centre of oil and gas exploration in Vietnam, with 93.29% of the total petroleum reserves and 16.20% of the total natural gas reserves and accounts for nearly 40% of national electricity production. More importantly, it is focused on investment in building national and international port system by the State. The province is a key area of national tourist program with plentiful types of tourist resort, treatment, weekend recreation, winter, forest-seaisland ecotourism and culture-history-revolution tourism.


In addition, it is one of the biggest fishing grounds of the country. Despite accounting for only 0.6% of the area and above 1% of the national population (as of the date April 1st 2010, the total population of the province is 1,009,719 people), it contributed 11% of GDP and nearly 27% of the total national budget. The economic development of Ba Ria-Vung Tau, therefore, has a strong impact and influence on the country’s development.





Advantages of natural resources:

- Land resource: Its area of 197,514ha is divided into four types: excellent land which is very high soil fertility, accounting for 19.6% of natural land area, mainly alluvial soil and gray soil; good soil making up 26.4% of natural land area; medium soil accounting for 14.4% of natural land area, the rest of 39.6% is acid sulphat soil and leachy soil. It can be seen that 60% of three former types which has significance for agro-forestry production is a relatively high proportion compared to many provinces in the country. The group includes alluvial soil, gray soil, black soil and yellow red soil. It enables the province to develop a strong agriculture base. Besides, a large proportion of land, including sand, sulphat soil and leachy soil, etc. is not advantageous to the agricultural development.


- Forest resources: Its forest area is not large. Land with capability of planting forest is 38,850ha, accounting for 19.7% of natural area, where exciting forest land is currently 30,186ha (15,993ha of natural forest, 14,253ha of planted forest), so about 8,664 ha of forestry land without forests. The province has now two primary forests, namely Binh Chau-Phuoc Buu nature reserve with the area of 11,392 ha and Con Dao National Park with the area of 5,998 ha. Forest resource tends to decline, as detailed types of rich forest (their timber volume is of above 180m3/ha) are no longer and the average forest remains only 1.5% of forest area. The forest previously had over 700 species of woods, herbs and more than 200 animal species, consisting of many types of noble woods and animals but has few so far. Ba Ria-Vung Tau forest plays an important role in terms of landscape, environment protection and tourism development, but its capability for timber exploitation and raw materials is not much.


- Mineral resource: the province is plentiful of minerals and oil, natural gas and minerals as construction material are sizable. It is located in an area with great potential for oil and natural gas in Vietnam. Its oil and gas is mainly distributed in Cuu Long and Nam Con Son basins. Cuu Long basin’s recoverable reserve is about 170 million tons of oil and 28-41 billion m3 of gas. In particular, Bach Ho oilfield’s reserves is 100 million tons of oil and 25-27 billion m3 of gas, Rong oilfield’s reserves is 10 million tons of oil and 2 billion m3 of gas, Hong Ngoc and Rang Dong oilfield’s reserves is 50-70 million tons of oil and 10-15 billion m3 of gas. Thanks to being far from shore and in shallow sea area (bottom depth is under 50m) without hurricane, Cuu Long basin has the best extraction condition. As for Nam Con Son basin, out of 60 finding structures, there are many structures that were drilled, explored and had potential such as Dua, Mua (lot 8), Dai Hung, Thanh Long (lots of 5, 11, 12, 6, 4); promising oilfields are Dai Hung, Thanh Long, Lan Tay, Lan Do, Moc Tinh, and Rong Bay. Dai Hung oilfield has been put into operation since Oct. 1994 with recoverable reserves in range of 30-50 million tons of oil and 60-10 billion m3 of gas. Lan Tay oilfield’s reserves has 42 billion m3 of gas and Lan Do reserves 14 billion m3 of gas and may be able to raise 80 billion m3 of gas for both of the two oilfields.


Minerals used for construction materials of Ba Ria-Vung Tau are very diverse, including building stone, paving stone, cement additives, glass sand, bentonite, clay, kaolin, sand, peat, immenite, etc. The province has built 19 deposits with the total reserves of 32 billion tons in most districts, mainly in Tan Thanh, Long Dat, Ba Ria Town and Vung Tau city. Due to the quite good quality, it can be used to make ballast, rubble for construction traffic, irrigation and stone block for export. It is commonly convenient to exploit these deposits thanks to their location close to roads. (to be continued)

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