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Overview of Nghe An Province - Part 1 PDF Print
Wednesday, 03 July 2013 11:01

Nghe_an_1VIETRADE - NATURAL CONDITIONS

Economic and geographical location

Nghe An province is in the center of the North Central Part  of Vietnam.  The province is adjacent  to Thanh Hoa province to the north, Ha Tinh province to the south, shares its 419km long borderline with  Lao PDR to  the west, and owns an 82km coastal line  in the east, making it an important part  in the socio- economic relationship between the North and the South, marine economy establishment  and development,  foreign-related economy and  international cooperation enhancement.

 

Nghe An is stretched along the North-to-South highways, including the 91km long highway 1A (through the districts of Quynh Luu,  Dien Chau, Nghi Loc, Hung Nguyen and Vinh City), the 132km-long Ho Chi  Minh  highway  in  parallel with  highway 1A (through the districts  of  Quynh Luu, Nghia Dan, Tan Ky,  Anh Son,  Thanh Chuong  and Thai Hoa town), the 149km-long highway  no.15  in the west stretching throughout the province; and (ii) the East- to-West  highways connecting to the neighboring country of Lao PDR through several border gates, including the 225km- long highway  no.7,  the 90km-long road no.46 and the 160km- long road  no.48. Additionally, this is where a 94km-long part of the North-to-South railways runs across.

 

Nghe An has one city level 2 (Vinh  city), two  towns (Cua  Lo, Thai Hoa) and 17 districts  in which there are 10 mountainous districts (Thanh Chuong, Ky Son, Tuong Duong, Con Cuong, Anh Son, Tan Ky, Que Phong, Quy Chau, Quy Hop, Nghia Dan) and 7 delta districts (Do Luong, Nam Dan, Hung Nguyen, Nghi Loc, Dien Chau, Quynh Luu, Yen Thanh).

 

The province is part of the East- West economic corridor linking the countries of Myanmar, Thailand, Lao PDR and Vietnam and the East Sea via highway no.7 to the port of Cua Lo. Several national and international tourism routes cross the province, including inter-provincial (country-tour) itinerary, or an intercity tour for Vinh - the Plain of Jars - Luang Prabang -Vientiane - Bangkok and back via highways no.7 and 8. The advantageous location of Nghe An province demonstrates its significant role in economy, trading, tourism and shipment with other countries in the region, particularly with Lao PDR, Thailand and China, which has become a favorable condition for socio-economic development investment.

 

Nghe_an_2Soil and Pedologic Condition

Area:

Out of a natural area of 16,490.25 km2, more than 80% of territory of Nghe An is made up of mountainous region in the west consisting of ten districts and one town, while a combination of plain and coastal regions in the east includes seven districts, one town and Vinh City. Based on soil forming factors, the soils are classified into several groups as described in the next paragraphs.

 

Pedologic components

- Water-formed soils: major distributed in the districts in the plain and coastal regions and include five sub-types namely sandy soil, alluvium, saline soil, alkaline soil, and degraded and transformed soil or land due to cultivation. Two important groups are fluxions and sandy soil / aerosols with a total area of 189,000ha as they are substantial to agricultural production in the province.

 

- Earth-formed soil: this soil type is found mainly in the mountainous areas (accounting for 74.4%) including the following sub-types: Ferralic/yellow red soil on shale (covering a large area of 433,357ha), Ferralic/yellowish soil on sandstone and conglomerate (total area of this type of soil is 315,055ha), Ferralic/red yellow soil on acid rocks (with a total area of about 217,101ha), Ferralic/ brown red soil in limestone (total area of about 34,064ha), Ferralic soil on basalt (total area of this soil type is 14,711ha), Ferralic soil on mountains, humus on high mountains.

 

Topography:

Lying to the northeast of Truong Son range, Nghe An has a complexity of terrains, sharply split by mountain ranges and river system. In general, Nghe An has its terrain sloping from the north west downward southeast and is divided into three eco-portions, i.e. mountainous area, lowlands and coastal plains where mountainous area accounts for 83% total area. Terrain with slopes over 8o accounts for 80% natural terrain, especially 38% with slope over 25o. The highest position is Pulaileng mount (at 2,711m) in Ky Son district, the lowest is the plains in districts of Quynh Luu, Dien Chau, Yen Thanh, even at 0.2m above sea level (Quynh Thanh commune, Quynh Luu district). These characteristics are major challenges for road transportation development eespecially in the lowlands and mountainous areas, forestry development and erosion control, contributing to preventing floods in several regions in the province. Nevertheless, the river system based on such terrain, with 117 waterfalls, has its potential for hydroelectricity development and balancing water sources for production and home use supplies.

 

Climate and Hydrology

Nghe An is in the tropical monsoon region with two typical seasons of wet, rainy summer (from May to October) and cold, dry winter (from November to April next year). Yearly temperature ranges from 23 - 240C. Temperatures are much different between months in a year. Average temperature during the hottest months (June and July) is 330C, up to absolute 42.70C; while during the coolest months (December to February next year) is 190C, down to absolute minus 0.50C. The province receives an average of 1,500 - 1,700hrs of sunshine every year. Annual rainfall in Nghe An is around 1,200 - 2,000 mm/year.



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