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Overview of Nghe An Province - Part 2 PDF Print
Friday, 12 July 2013 11:03

Nghe_an_3VIETRADE - NATURAL RESOURCES

Forestry

The forests of Nghe An have many typical attributes of Vietnam’s general flora. According to the statistics, there are 153 families, 522 lines and 986 species of arbors, herbs, vines and inferiors. In which, 23 species of arbors and 6 species of herbs was recorded in Vietnam Red Book. Forests are concentrated in the hills with two common forest types are evergreen forests, which are within 700m above sea level and the forests of mixed conifers found at more than 700m above sea level.

 

The forests are still an important source for raw materials for industry development. Total capacity of wood currently is 52 mil m3, where Fokienia hodginsi account for 0.425 mil m3 and bamboos, neohouzeaua for about more than 1 billion trees.

 

Such a variety of terrain and ecological characteristics has created a collection of fauna in Nghe An. In the province, it is estimated there are 241 species of 86 families and 28 suborders, with 64 species of mammals, 137 species of birds, 25 species of reptiles, 15 species of amphibious. Among those, 34 mammal species, 9 bird species and 1 fish species were listed in the Red Book of Vietnam.

 

The national park of Pu Mat in the west of Nghe An, which is 93,523ha, was approved by UNESCO for its rank as the biosphere reserve, and other natural reserves including Pu Huong (41,127ha), Pu Hoat (over 34,723ha) with multiple species of animals and plants and having great potentials for tourism development, especially eco-tourism. This reserve stretches over 9 mountainous districts of Nghe An.

 

Marine resources

Nghe An has 82km long coastal line, for an area of 4,230 nautical miles square, with 6 canals along the coastal line (canals of Con, Quen, Thoi, Van, Lo and Hoi) which, at 1 - 3.5m deep, are convenient for boats and ships at 50 - 1,000 DWT. From the depth of 40m backshore, the seabed is relatively flat; in the outer side there are reefs and sand dunes where fish gatherings are available and are potentially economic valuable.

 

According to the research of Institute of Sea Products, the capacity of sea products of Nghe An can be about 80,000 tons, with an annual productivity of 35-37 thousand tons/year. Capacity of fish at the depth of 30m and outward accounts for 60%; fish at surface water for 30%, and at deeper layer for 70%, while exploiting the surface water fish can be easier. There are 267 species of fish in 91 families, with larger amount for herring 30-39%, scads 15-20%, anchovy 10-15%.

 

There are 8 species of sea shrimps gathering mainly in the water at 30m deep inward where prawn has high capacity accounting for 30% all kinds of shrimps. Typically, the two major shrimp gatherings are located in Lach Quen (area: 305 nautical miles square, capacity: 250 - 300 tons, productivity: 50%) and Dien Chau (area: 425 nautical miles square, capacity: 360 - 380 tons, productivity: 50%). Along the coastal line is an area of 3,500ha brackish water used for sea product cultivation and salt production.

 

Nghe An has many beautiful and fantastic beaches such as Cua Lo, Nghi Thiet, Cua Hien, Quynh Bang, Quynh Phuong, etc., with clear water, medium waves, gentle slopes, medium salt and in convenient point for transportation. However, some beaches have not been invested for better service provision, including Cua Hien, Quynh Phuong, Ngu island and Lan Chau island, etc.

 

For a long coastal line with a number of canals, the province has potential for sea transport, including the harbours of Cua Lo and Cua Hoi where Cua Lo big ships at 10,000 DWT, and to continue to be improved, with large area for storage at 13,000m2) has been approved by the Government for investment for upgrading and expanding in order to meet the requirements of socio-economic development of the province itself and for the northern central region in the future. Moreover, Cua Lo deep harbour with capacity for ships up to 50 thousand tons is being constructed and anticipated to put into operation in the year 2015.

 

Minerals

The province has many different minerals distributed over the districts. These are high quality minerals; main and admixture materials are closely located in addition to the convenience in transportation, creating favourable conditions for the manufacturing of cement, ceramics, fine grains, ashlar tiles, and handcrafts.

 

INFRASTRUCTURESNghe_an_4

Transportation

• Roads: national roads 7, 48, 46, 15; 132 km Ho Chi Minh road passing mountainous and midland district of the province.

• Railway: has length of 124 km, of which there is 94 km north – south route, 7 railway stations. Vinh railway station is the main one.

• Air ways: there are Vinh airport and air routes/flights: Vinh - Da Nang; Vinh - Tan Son Nhat (and vice versa).

• Sea port: Cua Lo port now can welcome vessel of 1.8 ten thousand tons favorably, creating international exchange connection.

• International border gates: Nam Can, Thanh Thuy, next time Thong Thu (Que Phong) shall be opened.

 

Electricity

Nghe An province receive electric supply mainly from Hoa Binh hydropower plant to station 500 KV Ha Tinh through electric line 220 KV, conducting wire AC-300 - length 271 km and 02 stations 220/110KV: Hung Dong and Nghi Son.

 

Post offices & Communication

Physical facilities and telecommunications network, designed with a full range of services can respond quickly to demands of communication exchange in the country and abroad. Technical infrastructure of the province’s ICT is ranked 9/63 provinces and cities. The province has most of fixed and mobile telephone networks, covering all the districts, cities and towns. So far 100% of wards and communes have telephone, density of telephone subscribers increased from 10.2 telephones per 100 people in 2005 to 90 telephones in 2011; current density of internet subscribers reached 2.64 per 100 people; fiber was around 100% of the district centers and post offices III.

 

Finance & Banking

Up to now, the province has relatively complete branches of most banks and financial institutions of all types such as State banks, joint stock banks, deposit insurance, people’s credit fund and central people’s credit fund.

 

Education and Training

Nghe An has 5 universities, 6 colleges and 4 professional schools, 61 vocational training institutions and 1070 schools

 

TOURISM

As it is found an abundant collection for both natural resources and terrain characteristics, Nghe An has plenty of opportunities for tourism development. While quite a number of resorts connected to biosphere reserves such as Pu Mat, Pu Huong, and other natural landscapes including Sao Va or Khe Kem waterfalls, have been established in the west of the province; then in the east there are various beautiful beaches stretching away, including the beaches of Quynh Phuong - Quynh Luu, Dien Thanh - Dien Chau, Cua Hien - Nghi Loc and the most renown beach of Cua Lo. Some new tourist establishments that have high quality and are well known by many tourists including the resort of Bai Lu (in Nghi Yen commune, Nghi Loc district) or the sea tourism area of Dien Thanh (Dien Chau district), are still on their spectacular rise gaining established reputation.  (end)



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