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Da Nang - the Motive Force of The Central Key Economic Region (Part 1) PDF Print
Tuesday, 16 July 2013 16:33

VIETRADE - Da Nang lies in the middle of Vietnam, on the North–South life-line traffic axle including roadway, railway, seaway, and airway. It is an important transportation gateway of the Central and Central Highlands, and the end of East-West economic corridor through Myanmar, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam. In addition, Da Nang is also the midpoint of the four famous world heritages: imperial city of Hue, Hoi An Ancient Town, My Son Holy Land and forests of Phong Nha–Ke Bang National Park. After becoming a city directly under the central government since 1997, Da Nang has made many changes in a positive way. Over the last 15 years, Da Nang has continuously changed its face. Never has it been so drastic to renew its look in the course of development. The development of Da Nang is both a subjective need and a reply to the requirement of becoming a leading city having a mission of joint responsibility towards the development of the Central in the new stage of our country.



Geographical position

Da Nang borders Thừa Thiên-Huế Province to the north, Quảng Nam Province to the south and west, and the East Sea to the east. The city center is 764km from Ha Noi Capital to the north, and 964km from Ho Chi Minh City to the south, 108km from Hue City to the northwest. The city has high mountains, deep rivers, steep midland hills which interpose between narrow coastal plains. Within the regional and international sphere, Da Nang  is one of the most important gateways to the sea for the Central Highlands, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, and Myanmar and to Northeast Asian countries through the East and West Economic Corridor, of which Tien Sa Port is the end. Located on one of the international sea and air routes, Da Nang has a special geographical position favorable for the rapid and sustainable development.




Natural area: 1,283 square kilometers

Administrative units: Da Nang City has 6 districts: Hai Chau, Thanh Khe, Lien Chieu, Son Tra, Ngu Hanh Son, Cam Le and 2 suburban districts: Hoa Vang and island district of Hoang Sa.

Development resources:

Population: 951,929 people (2011)

Population density: 742 people/sq. km (2011)

Labor force: 480,880 people (2011)



Da Nang has a tropical monsoon climate with two distinct seasons: the rainy season is from August to December, and the dry one is from January to July. The average temperature is 250C, the annual rainfall is 1,870.9mm, and the annual humidity is 82%. Ba Na forest is about 1,500 meters above sea level which has an average temperature of 200C.



Da Nang has a diversified topography with plains, midlands, mountainous areas having high slope (74%); most of the area is mountains and hills which are 700- 1,500 meters above sea level; the riverhead forests concentrate in these areas which are close to the coast.



- Roadway: The total length of the road system in the city compass (excluding alleys and path) is 382.6 kilometers. In which, the total length of national highway is 70.9 kilometers, district road 67 kilometers, and inner city street 181.7 kilometers. The average width of the roads is 8 meters. The road density is not evenly arranged, about 3km/sq. km in the urban area and  0.33km/sq. km in the suburban area.

- Railway: The North–South Railway route running through Da Nang is 30-km long with 4 stations of Da Nang, Thanh Khe, Kim Lien, Hai Van Nam. In which, Da Nang Station is one of the biggest sttations in Vietnam.

- Airway: Da Nang International Airport is 150ha wide (the total area is 842 ha), with 2 runways, 3,048-m long and 45-m wide each, which can receive such modern aircrafts as B747, B767, and A320. There are about 84 domestic flights and 6 international ones weekly to Hong Kong and Thailand.

- Seaway: Located in the middle of the country, Da Nang has favorable for the development of sea transport.


From here, there are sea routes to almost all major ports in Vietnam and the world. With the two modernly equipped and favorably positioned ports of Tien Sa and Song Han, Da Nang Port ensures the transport of goods to all over the world. Da Nang Port is one of the important ones of the Central and the Central Highlands and is the east gateway of the East and West Economic Corridor.


-Electric power: Da Nang has been connected to the national grid via the Hoa Cam 500kV Station, and has enough electricity for everyday life, production, and trade.


-Water supply: The water supply system in the city has incessantly been upgraded meeting the increasing demand for everyday life, production, and trade. The total capacity is 193 thousand cubic meters.

-Telecommunications: Da Nang has been an important national and international telecommunications hub, one of the three most important end-points of the national trunk-line network, and is an international direct connection point.


-Education: In the field of higher education at university, college, vocational school, technical and vocational worker school levels, Da Nang has encouraged all economic sectors to invest in opening new premises, so the number of schools keeps increasing attracting a large number of students from nearby provinces. Currently, Da Nang has 24 universities and colleges, 19 professional schools, 59 vocational training centers. Da Nang University is a multi-level and multi-disciplinary university with large scale playing a key role in the training of human resources and scientific research in the Central and Central Highlands regions in particular and the whole country in general.


- Public health: The health care of Da Nang City has strongly and widely developed towards socialization with the participation of many economic sectors. The number of hospitals and sick-beds has increased rapidly; most of the hospitals have achieved a high level of medical expertise, thereby contributing to making Da Nang a medical center of the Central. ( to be continued)

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