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Tay Ninh Province - the hub of trading, entrepot and tourism PDF Print
Thursday, 27 February 2014 15:50

VIETRADE - As one of the provinces with important roles in the development of the Southern Key Economic Region, Tay Ninh Province is regarded as the hub and important traffic gateway by roadway leading into Cambodia and other countries in ASIAN region; located in the strategic position of the national defense security of the country; as the hub of trading, entrepot and service–tourism of Mekong Sub-region countries because of its geographical location in the solid axis of the regional main development: longitudinal center line includes Ho Chi Minh Highway (highway 14-route N2),horizontal axis includes Trans-Asia highway (Ho Chi Minh City–Moc Bai Border Gate) and highway 22 B (Go Dau - Xa Mat Border Gate).


9 km from Ho Chi Minh City to the northwest along highway 22, and 1,809km along highway 1 from Hanoi Capital, Tay Ninh Province is regarded as the bridge between Ho Chi Minh City and Phnom Penh Capital (the Kingdom of Cambodia); the west and northwest border with the Kingdom of Cambodia, the east borders with Binh Duong and Binh Phuoc Provinces, the south borders Ho Chi Minh City and Long An Province; with the transition between the mountainous area and the Western Highlands down to the Mekong Delta; the natural area is 4,039.66 sq. km, population are about 1,075,341 people (in 2010), population density is 266.2 people per km2, the population mainly concentrates in Tay Ninh Town (the economic, political and cultural centre of the province) and three southern districts (Hoa Thanh, Go Dau, Trang Bang) and sparsely allocates in the 5 remaining districts of Duong Minh Chau, Tan Bien, Tan Chau, Ben Cau, and Chau Thanh.


Potential and advantages

Tay Ninh Province is well endowed by the nature with such abundant natural resources as Ba Den Mountain with the height of 986m, known as the highest mountain in Southeast, this is the historic, cultural relics and well-known landscape, famous for many culinary specialties; flat topography, main soil group is the gray soil wit the area of about 84% of the province's natural area, convenient for planting kinds of short-term and long-term industrial trees. The climate of Tay Ninh Province is relatively temperate, divided into two distinct seasons: rainy season (from May to November) and dry season (from December to April of the following year), the radiation regime is abundant, temperature is high and stable, and is less impacted by hurricanes and other adverse factors thanks to being deeply situated in the continent; amount of light is plentiful all year round, there are 6 hours of sunlight per day on average, annual average temperature is 27.40C, annual average rainfall is from 1,800-2,200mm, annual average humidity is about 70 to 80%.

Furthermore, Tay Ninh Province owns an abundant water resource including surface water and groundwater resources.


- Surface water resource: mainly derived from the canal system in the whole province with the length of the entire system of 617km, averagely 0.11 km/km2 and mainly depending on two major rivers of  Sai Gon and Vam Co (length is 220 km, of which 151 km flows within Tay Ninh Province); the area of Dau Tieng Lake is 27,000 ha with the capacity of 1.45 billion m3 of water and 1,053 canals with the total length of 1,000 km having been promoted in ecological balance, used for agricultural irrigation, water supply for aquaculture, daily activities and also for industrial production; the system of streams, canals have created a hydrological network allocated relatively equally in the area, achieving 0.314 km/km2 and 3,500 ha wetlands are scattered in the lower areas along the Vam Co River; at the same time, the total area of large ponds, lakes qualified for exploitation and aquaculture is 1,680ha, 490ha of which was used for aquaculture.


- Underground water resources: the underground water resource is quite abundant and widely allocated throughout the province, total underground water which can be used is about 50-100 thousand m3/hour. In the dry season, the standard underground water can also be exploited to provide for daily life and industrial and agricultural production.


The mineral reserves of Tay Ninh Province mainly consist of non-metallic mineral groups such as peat (with reserves of 16 million tons, scattered along Vam Co River, quality of peat is very good, used to produce micro-organic fertilizer to serve for agricultural production and land reclamation), limestone (with the reserve of about 100 million tons), boulders, gravel and sand (with reserves of about 10 million m3), clay (used for producing tiles, brick with the reserves about 16 million m3, are distributed in many parts of the province) and building stone (reserves of laterite stone is approximately 4 million m3 and building stone of all kinds is about 1,300-1,400 million m3, mostly distributed in Phung and Ba Mountains).


Forest in Tay Ninh Province is largely secondary forest, destroyed in the previous wars, the majority of forests are light forests, mixed with bamboo and wood. By 2010,land area covered with forests is about 45,308 ha (excluding 10,354ha for secondary forest), raising rate of natural coverage reaches 40.1%, of which forest coverage (not including rubber trees) is 11.2%. According to the overall forestry planning, forest and land for afforestation is about 70,000 ha/natural area of the province.


For human resources: Tay Ninh Province was explored from the  17th century by the immigrant moved from the North. By the early nineteenth century (1837–the 18th Minh Mang), Tay Ninh District was established including the two districts: Tan Ninh and Quang Hoa. Currently, there are 26 ethnic groups living in Tay Ninh Province.


In spite of the difference of traditions, practices and habits, generally, they live in solidarity with the community, work hard, bravely fought against army, and now against natural disasters, all make a Tay Ninh Province with diversified, plentiful, and colorful cultures.


For religion: Buddhism, Cao Dai, Catholic, Protestantism, Muslim and others. In terms of historic aspect, Tay Ninh Province is rich of the revolutionary tradition and patriotism, as the capital of the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam, and also the working place of the Southern armed forces. Other than the relics as base of Southern Central Bureau, there are also many other historical vestiges in relation with resistance for liberating the South such as Boi Loi Base, Duong Minh Chau War Zone, An Thoi Tunnels, Loi Thuan Tunnel and others.

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