Trang tiếng Việt
Fruit and vegetable exports continue to make a breakthrough PDF Print
Friday, 28 July 2017 15:36

VIETRADE - Despite difficulties in exporting agricultural products, Vietnam’s export of vegetables and fruits continues to make a breakthrough. Currently, Vietnamese vegetables and fruits have been present in many countries and territories in Asia, Europe, America, including a number of famous markets with high quality requirements such as the US, Japan, Australia, South Korea, Germany, Netherlands, etc.

 

Thanks to diversified ecology, more than 30 different kinds of fruit crops are endemic to Vietnam, of which 27 are of commercial value. They include subtropical, temperate (mostly produced in the north) and tropical (along the coast and mostly in the south) fruit. Examples: custard apple, orange, mandarin orange, pomelo, lemon, jackfruit, litchi, apple, apricot, plum, peach, breadfruit, papaw, dragon fruit, grapes, avocado, durian, star apple, rambutan, mangosteen, sapodilla, banana, and guava. Many are of high demand domestically, and many have high export potential.

 

Vietnam’s Fruit and Vegetable Production, 2011-2016

 

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

 

Production (‘000 tonnes)

Growth in production (%)

Production (‘000 tonnes)

Growth in production (%)

Production (‘000 tonnes)

Growth in production (%)

Production (‘000 tonnes)

Growth in production (%)

Production (‘000 tonnes)

Growth in production (%)

Production (‘000 tonnes)

Growth in production (%)

Grapes

14.7

88

16.3

110

19

118

24

124

31

130

33

108

Mango

687

118

665

97

681

102

679

100

703

104

724

103

Oranges& Mandarin

703

96

704

100

706

100

789

108

727

96

800

110

Longan

596

104

543

91

544

100

519

95

513

99

504

98

Lychee & Rambutan

725

139

649

89

629

97

696

111

715

103

649

91

Source: General Statistics Office of Vietnam


The area of ​​vegetable cultivation in the country in 2016 reached 908 thousand ha with an output of 16million tonnes, up 4.8%, yield about 17.2 tonne/ha. The vegetable structure is diverse and abundant; of which high yield vegetables are choysum, cabbage, cucumber, corn, spinach and some spices such as onions, garlic, etc.

 

The fruit cultivation area in 2016 reached 863.2 thousand ha, up 4.4% over 2015, mainly increased in as oranges, grapefruit, dragon fruit, and papaya. In recent years, the area of ​​fruit has been growing slowly (just over 1% per year). But thanks to the use of enhanced scientific and technological progress, plant variety transformation, specialized cultivation and farming practices of growers, fruits’ productivity and production has been growing strong (about 3%-4% per year).

 

Vietnamese Fruits & Vegetables Export Revenue, 2010–2017

Vietnamese_Fruits__Vegetables_Export_Revenue_20102017

Source: General Department of Vietnam Customs


According to statistics of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD), our export revenue of vegetables and fruits is estimated at US$283 million in June 2017, bringing the total export value of these products in the first 6 months of 2017 up to US$1.7 billion, marking a year-on-year increase of 44.6%.

 

Vegetables and fruits is now one of the key exporting commodity groups in the agricultural sector from Jan-Jun of this year, along with wood and wood products (US$3.6 billion); aquatic products (US$3.5 billion); and coffee (US$1.86 billion).

 

China, the US, Japan and South Korea are the four leading importers of Vietnamese vegetables and fruits in the first 5 months of 2017, accounting for 84.7% of our total export value of this commodity group. In Jan – May this year, vegetable and fruit exports increased sharply in the United Arab Emirates (96.3%), Russia (67.2%), Japan (56.1%), China (50.5%), the US (23.5%), South Korea (14.9%) and Thailand (12.5%).

 

On the contrary, the fruit and vegetable import value as of June 30, 2017 is estimated at US$655 million (equivalent to VND14,890 billion), up 87% over the same period last year. Out of that total, fruits accounted for about US$507 million, or VND11,525 billion.

 

Vietnam’s Fruits & Vegetables Exports by Country for the first half of 2017

Vietnams_Fruits__Vegetables_Exports_by_Country_for_the_first_half_of_2017

Source: General Department of Vietnam Customs


Over the past two years, Thailand has surpassed China to become the leading exporter of fruits to Vietnam. The import value from Thailand doubled that of the same period in 2016 and accounted for 57.5% of the market share. In total, Vietnam has spent more than US$376 million, equivalent to VND8,560 billion, to import fruits from Thailand in the first half of this year.

 

Commenting on the potential development of vegetable and fruit industry of our nation in the upcoming time, experts said that Vietnam will become one of the world's largest vegetable exporters thanks to the global increasing demand as well as the development of our agricultural sector. However, in order to do so, the Vietnamese fruit and vegetable industry needs to overcome some quality constraints, build a strong brand name and boost marketing activities.

 

In addition, Vietnamese enterprises need to gradually step into the fruit distribution in import markets in order to increase the competitiveness of our products. Enterprises also need to cooperate with farmers, support them to produce fruits on a larger scale with consistent and good quality outputs, meeting the export requirements.

 

Furthermore, it is necessary to invest more in processing vegetables and fruits to diversify export products. Vietnamese processed fruits and vegetables are quite similar while many exporting countries have made different products from each kind of fruits to meet the diverse needs of the domestic and export markets.



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