Overview of An Giang Province - Part 1 | Print |

overview_of_An_Giang_3VIETRADE - An Giang is a province that has such specific characteristics as having both plains and mountains, minerals, and long lasting historical monuments that bear the hallmarks of ancient wet rice culture. An Giang is also the trading gateway between provinces of the Mekong River Delta and ASEAN countries on main land, and has nearly 100-kilometre long borderline with 5 border-gates that are permitted to do the customs clearance of goods, including: 2 international border-gates, 2 national border-gates, and 1 subborder-gate. Besides, An Giang also has profuse surface water source that is very favorable for rice planting and aquaculture.

 

NATURAL CONDITIONS

Geographical position: An Giang Province belongs to the Mekong River Delta and lies between Tien River and Hau River. It is the commercial economic center of the three big cities of Ho Chi Minh City, Can Tho and Phnompenh, and is the old trading gateway between the Mekong River Delta, Ho Chi Minh City, and the countries of the Mekong River Delta Sub-region. It shares border with Dong Thap Province to the east and northeast, Kien Giang Province to the south and southwest, Can Tho Province to the southeast, and nearly 100-kilometre long borderline with Cambodia to the northwest with 4 international and national border-gates.

 

Area: 3,536 sq. km

 

Climate: Tropical monsoon. There are two distinct seasons in a year: the rainy season is from May to November, the dry one is from December to April of the following year. The annual average temperature is 270C; the annual average rainfall is 1,130 mm (to be 1,700-1,800 mm at the highest); the annual average humidity is from 80 to 85% that varies according to the rain regulation. In general, the climate conditions here are favorable for agricultural development.

 

Topography: There are two main kinds of terrain in An Giang: plain and mountainous regions. Plains in An Giang are formed from sediment of Mekong River, including rather even and flat alluvial plains with little declination and rather low height, and plains around the edges of mountains at many different steps of height.

 

Administrative organization: An Giang Province has 11 administrative units directly under the provincial authorities, including: 1 city (Long Xuyen), 2 towns (Chau Doc and Tan Chau), and 8 districts of Cho Moi, Phu Tan, Chau Thanh, Chau Phu, Thoai Son, Tri Ton, Tinh Bien, An Phu with 156 communes, wards, and hick-towns.

 

Population: 2,149,000 people (by 2009)

 

Population density: 608 people/ sq. km (by 2009)

 

INFRASTRUCTURE

Transportation

- Highway 91: In the period of 2011-2015, the Highway 91 from Nguyen Trung Truc Bridge to Chau Doc will be upgraded to level-III plain road standard, and the Long Xuyen–Chau Doc–Khanh Binh Expressway will be completed by 2020.

 

- Route N1: In the period of 2011-2015, the Tan Chau–Chau Doc Route will be upgraded to level-IV plain road standard.

 

- Route N2 (Ho Chi Minh Trail): In the period of 2011-2015, Vam Cong Bridge, Vam Cong Bridge path, Long Xuyen City bypass through Thoai Son District to Kien Giang Province will be completed.

 

- An Hoa Bridge over Hau River will be built in the period of 2011-2020.

 

- District roads of 941, 942, 952, 954, 956, and the Tri Ton–Vam Ray Route will be upgraded into highway to level-III plain road standard in the period of 2011-2015.

 

- Chau Doc Bridge over Hau River will be built.

 

- Railway: Can Tho–An Giang–Viet Nam–Cambodia border.

 

- The port system of My Thoi Seaport; river-ports of Binh Long, Tan Chau, Vinh Te (Tinh Bien), Cho Moi, Phu Tan will be completed.

 

- The river traffic routes will be exploited in association to the province’s port system.

 

- An Giang Airport will be built in Chau Thanh District.

 

Power supply

To build the Rach Gia–Tri Ton–Chau Doc power transporting line; to build the transformer stations in Long Xuyen, Cho Moi, Tan Chau, Tri Ton, Tinh Bien, Chau Thanh and to increase the output capacity of those existing transformer stations.

 

Post and telecommunications

An Giang is striving to reach the moderately good level of information technological and telecommunications development in comparison to the whole country by 2020.

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Water supply

To upgrade and newly build water plants in towns and cities to adequately meet the needs of service activities and industrial parks. By 2020, to newly invest and upgrade the sewer and waste water systems of other towns and districts and industrial clusters of districts.

 

To dredge and widen 18 level-I canals, 228 level-II and level-III interior field canals with the total length of 4,156 km.  The total digging volume for the embanking will be 20,000 cubic metres to serve for 210,000 ha of farm produce. In the period of 2015-2020 (Constructing the water supply works for the region).

 

+ To build the Song Hau Surface Water Plant (Song Hau II Water Plant) in the area of Long Xuyen–An Giang with the output capacity at first stage of Q1 = 1,000,000 cubic metres/day. Whenever there is a requirement, the output capacity will be increased to Q2 = 2,000,000 cubic metres/day to serve Ca Mau Peninsula and the West Sea corridor (Kien Giang, An Giang). The output capacity of the Pumping Station 1 will also be increased to serve the Song Hau I Water Plant when the salt water penetrates into the mainland and surpasses the Can Tho Bridge.

 

+ To build the Song Hau Surface Water Plant (Song Hau III Water Plant) in the area of Chau Doc–An Giang with the output capacity at first stage of Q1 = 200,000 cubic metres/day. Whenever there is a requirement, the output capacity will be increased to Q2 = 500,000 cubic metres/day to serve the northwestern area of Hau River western corridor and the border corridor.  (to be continued)



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